The American Civil War and Industrialization

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The American Civil War between the years 1861-1865 A.D. at the outset was
concerned with slavery of the Southern American Confederate states under
Jefferson Davis and the abolition of slavery and the Union of the United States of


Although in most cases slavery saves money for capitalists however, the
maintenance of slavery was another matter. During the 1850s, the Northern States
of America had a better economic situation rather than the Southern states. The
Southern states were largely cottage industries that depended on slave labour. This
was contrary to the Northern American states that bore the free market, free trade
policies (Elkins 1976). New York that approved the emancipation that was passed to
abolish slavery quickly became one of the wealthiest states in Northern America the
use of slave labour was more expensive than that of free labour. Slavery wasn’t
really a profitable venture, firstly, the cost of slaves is more than the cost of
employing an unskilled worker in the industrial states. Including the cost of the slave
was the cost of slave maintenance. Slave owners had to be careful in their handling
of slaves, overworking them and making them ill and die would cost money, in
addition they also wanted to perpetuate their slaves therefore they had to allow their
slaves to mate in order to produce offspring. This is not to say that brutality and
violence did not occur towards slaves but the high cost of capturing, transporting and
maintaining slaves caused the Southern American states to be less industrialized
than in the North.
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