StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

Political Science: Scope and Methods - Essay Example

Not dowloaded yet

Extract of sample
Political Science: Scope and Methods

This research will begin with the statement that the Merriam-Webster dictionary defines science as the knowledge or practice acquired systematically. This is the broadest possible definition. However, and not only for the purpose of this essay, the science should first of all be understood as the systemic process of acquiring knowledge, primarily through the process, or better to say a method, of trials-and-errors, that can be understood as the postmodern procedural attachment, to the overall conception of science, stressing the importance of this scientific attribute as the only way how to acquire the real and true knowledge. The first scientific effort to rebuilt political science in the manner of natural sciences can be found in the work of Ch. Merriam and H. Lasswell. Merriam in his New Aspects of Politics written in the 1920s criticised politology for the lack of scientism and required its interaction with other sciences such as sociology and psychology. Similarly, G. Catlin also supported this criticism in his work Science and Method of Politics and the key assumption that power is the core and dominant subject that political science should focus on. Catlin also called for the strict freedom from values, originally M.Weber´s postulate, which played a significant role in the formation of the empirical theory of political power and behavior. It is little known that UNESCO influenced the development of political science as a science as well by its patronage over the establishment of IPSA and the first international congress on political science in Paris 1950....
A radical change is going on in front of our own eyes and it will undoubtedly modify the history of humanking irrespective of how we decide to thematize and define its symptoms. For example, the emergence of global civil society and domination of liberal democratic arrangements in political systems over the world. We can observe some specific postmodern trends in the field of science (and political science), its methods, approaches and "technologies" as well.

The most relevant characteristic of postmodern science is its utilisation and benefit from the results of Second scientific revolution, especially the consequence of Einsteins theory of relativity (1905, and 1911-1916), Heisenbergs uncertainty principle (1927), Godels incompleteness theorem (1931), and later Thoms theory of catastrophies (1975), Hakens synergetics and theory of chaos and non-equilibrium systems (1974, 1983). The pragmatic paradoxes, paralogics, open and close systems, discontinuity, and turbulence, deterministic chaos became core themes and remained in the spotlight of postmodern science until now. The opportunity to conceptualize the unprecedented model of legitimization, that does not any longer account for effectivity but for the difference understood as paralogic (the unintentional breach of logic principles in process of reasoning), the inventive imagination development.

The political science stands on the beginning of the new era imposing new demands on its focus and methods, and expecting new views and implications. This approach has been labelled as the triumph of postmodernism throughout last forty years. For this quite long period of time, postmodernism was successful in obtaining the status of selfconfident ...Show more

Summary

This research is aimed at providing a report on issues like science, political science, and its postmodern criticism; gender and race bias in presidential voting 1992; scientific ascertainment of student satisfaction with the education received.

Author : ortizdevon
Political Science: Scope and Methods essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"Political Science: Scope and Methods"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Related Essays

What problems in other approaches to political analysis has feminism sought to address
What problems in other approaches to political analysis has feminism sought to address? Has any strand of feminism been successful in that regard? Off late, leading innovations in political analysis have been presented by two schools of feminism. Feminism has been one of the most ‘significant intellectual movements of the late twentieth century’ While researching the issues over various approaches to political analysis by feminism, it needs to be observed that negative and far-away approaches can provide legal and authentic inputs but can also at the same time marginalise the feminist interests to the limits that can actually harm the cause of feminism.
8 pages (2000 words) Essay
Development pathway of a physiotherapist to an extended scope practitioner role
Physiotherapy is an applied science that consists of its own knowledge base, its own education system and practical applications, which are based on that knowledge. Psychotherapists are in a unique position; thus professions have nowadays attempted to expand their roles in allied health professions (AHPs).
12 pages (3000 words) Essay
Behavioralism in Comparative Politics
It can be studies on the basis of Marxism or Socialism, historical approach or Legalistic one. The understanding of political phenomenon depends on the set of interrelated concepts to interpret the world. These concepts are not objective realities but analytical tools.
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
Social Science and Social Criticism
The major reason of the shift in methodology of social science is application of critical theory. Critical theory must be distinguished from a traditional approach according to the practical purpose of this theory: it is critical to the extent that it involves human emancipation in order to provide freedom to humanity from "the circumstances that enslave them".3 According to the scholars that support this view, social inquiry must combine but not separate the two poles of philosophy and social science, normative and positive, explanation and understanding.
10 pages (2500 words) Essay
Science in an Educational Context
This essay deals with the implications of how philosophy of science relates with education and how far the UK National Curriculum has remained successful in meeting the criteria of reshaping innocent minds towards relishing and grasping the true scientific philosophy.
16 pages (4000 words) Essay
Behavioralism in Comparative Politics
According to the report the understanding of political phenomenon depends on the set of interrelated concepts to interpret the world. These concepts are not objective realities but analytical tools. That is why researchers give a great attention to the assumptions that underlie their approach to the subjects.
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
Social science research methods and ethics
The researcher needs to follow ethical guidelines while conducting any research. These guidelines are related to the four components of the research, research
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Obamas election to be the first black president of the USA
He assumed the American presidency on January 20, 2009. There are a variety of opinions regarding the factors leading to his election. It could be random or there could be a calculative
7 pages (1750 words) Essay
Industrial Revolution Capitalism and Communism
According to Marxism, a distinct class of laborers always existed in our society and they were the have-nots (Ingham, 2008; Lansford, 2008). Industrial revolution further led to the construction of modern factories, ports, railroad, etc., which demanded
2 pages (500 words) Essay
What problems in other approaches to political analysis has feminism sought to address Has any strand of feminism been successful in that regard
by feminism, it needs to be observed that negative and far-away approaches can provide legal and authentic inputs but can also at the same time marginalise the feminist interests to the limits that can actually harm the cause of feminism. Such a strategy can become an obstacle
9 pages (2250 words) Essay
Get a custom paper written
by a pro under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
YOUR PRIZE:
Apply my DISCOUNT
Comments (0)
Rate this paper:
Thank you! Your comment has been sent and will be posted after moderation