Storm Drainage Design Project and Flooding

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The study of storm events in rivers are used to gather information. Actual rainfall data and data from flow gauging stations are made available for the recording of actual flooding events. Data gathered are often sparse, however theoretical calculations of a runoff into the rivers are usually limited in accuracy.


Surface streams and groundwater flows and the wetness of soil before a the storm are the factors to be considered. According to Dr Tim Stott, rainfall prediction is a matter of statistics. No one can predict what the rainfall and catchment conditions will be in the future. With climate change, past records are not reliable for future references. Engineering design will be based on specified probability storm and the runoff generated by catchments
In the hydrographs of Cynon River, there was an almost steady flow of water in the river for the first 40 hours. As the height of water start to rise on the 42nd hour, water had a abrupt rise and on the 44th hour the water temporarily had a constant flow and began rising again on the 48th hour. The rise was constantly rising until it reached the peak flow and it was recorded to be 0.65m above the river bed and the rainfall recorded at 1.2mm. In the analyses of the river hydrograph, the rise of water is faster than when it starts to subside. It would take more time to subside, and having a steady downward motion. There are factors that control the shape of hydrographs. The typical shape are shown and the main components are labeled according to Weyman (1975). A hydrograph would show the difference between the peak rainfall from the peak discharge. This is known as the lag time. ...
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