The discussion of the current war against terrorism can be fully comprehended by taking into consideration world events which directly or indirectly affected it. Most of these events are communicated to the public via representation in the media. Media played an increasingly significant role in being able to move images and sounds across cultural and geographical borders (Lecture5: September 11 as Event and Representation, p.9). This essay will analyze how the current war against terrorism affects the Arab and Muslim population. And in doing so, media representations will likewise be of help in analyzing the aforementioned situations. Similarly, it will be analyzed in the light of postmodernism or post structuralism.
The post World War II era, ushers the rise of two world super powers, the USA and the USSR and this accounts for what is now known as the Cold War. The Cold war was a battle of ideologies as well as a battle between two different political and economic orders, (Lecture5: September 11 as Event and Representation, p. 1) capitalism versus communism. It likewise engages in the control over geographical territories as well as political and economic influence over different nation-states. It became a contest between the two super powers. Correspondingly, all other nation-states' alliance politically or economically had to be made with either a super power. (Lecture5: September 11 as Event and Representation, p.1). The post 1945 era likewise fosters numerous anti colonial movements. The transition from colony to nation state, which is mostly comprised of third world countries, chooses between either capitalism or communism. Yugoslavia, India, Egypt and Indonesia are among the proponents of the non-aligned movement. The movement focussed on the anti-imperialism and anti colonialism of the west, mutual respect for nation states and territories and the promotion of economic ties among others. The said non-aligned movement steadily moved away from these issues. (Lecture5: September 11 as Event and Representation, p.1) However this movement was never really practised as such, because many of these countries did have economic and political ties with either the US or the USSR.
The Unification of Germany, Fall of Communist Russia, Apartheid in South Africa, Fall of Authoritarian and military regimes in Latin America and Asia, the Gulf War, the disintegration of the former communist states are some of the noted flashpoints which occurred during the latter part of the twentieth century. Major changes like these, greatly affect world situation, for there is a flux with regard world powers. These circumstances led the world to value economic gains so as to determine the strength of any nation, coupled with technological advances which correspondingly increase the production of goods. On the other hand, there is also the so called "settling down process" wherein a political evolution during which ethnic or nationalist fragments seek attachment to a larger entity or a new power base to survive economically (Wright and Mc Manus: Flashpoints, p.23) and politically as well.
The occurrence of these flashpoints leads to various assumptions as well as events which will change the public's perspective on World Order. The Post Cold War period brought forth