John Adams and Thomas Jefferson

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John Adams (1735-1826) was the first Vice President and the second President of the United States of America. While his tenure as President was clouded with crisis and conflict, he is still remembered as a remarkable political philosopher. He played a key role in the negotiations during the drafting of the United States Declaration of Independence in 1776, and is regarded as one of the most influential Founder Fathers of the United States of America.


Quite interestingly, Adams stayed in his hometown while his party campaigned for him. In the end, John Adams won the election by a narrow margin of three electoral votes, thus becoming the second President of the United States of America.
When he took over the Presidency of the United States of America, the country was facing grave problems due to the war between France and the British. The George Washington administration had earlier proclaimed American neutrality, a policy that was initially followed by Adams. He also sent three commissioners to Paris to negotiate a peace settlement, but the Prime Minister of France refused to entertain them until they paid him a personal bribe. The United States government took this as a huge insult and Adams appealed to the Congress to appropriate defensive funds. This whole episode known as the XYZ affair ultimately led to the formation of a formidable naval force. But this issue, coupled with Adam's decision to send peace envoys to Paris led to the formation of deep barriers within the Federalist Party. It resulted in the emergence of another fraction headed by Alexander Hamilton, and the rift between the two only grew wider with time. (Brown)
On the domestic front, Adams proposed the Alien a ...
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