The writer of this paper has chosen this particular study in the fact that it was well rounded, well supported and well reviewed. There is also a great interest in not only preventing child abuse but helping children who have been abused or neglected survive.
In considering what research to review the purpose of the study had to be considered The purpose of this study was to determine a new method to determine resilience. Determining this method would include reviewing resilient children and the outcomes they have had.
This study was carried out by Robert J Flynn, School of Psychology and Centre for Research on Community Services, University of Ottawa, Hayat Ghazal, Services for Children and Adults of Prescott-Russell & Centre for Research on Community Services, University of Ottawa, Louise Legault, Child Welfare league of Canada and Center for Research on Community Services, University of Ottawa, and Susan Petricks as well as Gail Vandermeulen from Ontario Association of Children's Aid Societies, in Canada.
In asking the question, "to what extent does resilience change the outcomes for abused and neglected children who are raised out the home" the researcher is able to determine, also, whether there is a difference in these children when they are raised in home versus those raised out of home. Secondly, there is the question of whether or not children who are not abused or neglected might have a different outcome This was a qualitative study in which interview was used at different phases of the study (Flynn, Ghazal, Legault, 2003). There were several interviews to each phase, some of the children, some of caregivers, and some of teachers. All of the information was merged for final analysis.
For purposes of the study resilience was defined as "the achievement of positive adaptation despite exposure to significant threat or sever adversity or has good outcomes in spite of serious threats to adaptation or development (Flynn, et.al, 2003). The first studies were done on resilience according to Flynn (2003) by Maston and Reed in 2002.
providers and their observations of children. These observations told them that some children survived and had good outcomes when others did not, no matter what the abuse or malcontent looked like.
The study was conducted with two samples of young people. These children were from out of home care which can be a foster home. They all had experienced serious problems in the home with care givers and families to the extent of parental incapacity, physical and sexual abuse, psychological abuse, neglect and abandonment.; (Flynn, et. al, 2003 (Flynn, et.al., 2003).
The study was done over a three year time period so it was important to have children that were removed from the home for at least this length of time.
Data was collected using the Assessment and Action Record approved by Looking After Children as a data collection tool. There were seven outcome domains covered, health, education, identity, family, social relationships, social presentation, emotion and behavioral development,