StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

Congenital Localized Alopecia - Article Example

Nobody downloaded yet

Extract of sample
Congenital Localized Alopecia

Thos infants that are found should have a focused reassessment, a thorough family history, and continued examination of the hair (Furdon & Clark, 2003). The clinician must also have a good understanding of the embryological development and cycles of hair growth, as well as an understanding of abnormal conditions. This paper will discuss a few of those conditions that might be seen in the newborn and young child.
Aplasia Cutis is a rare condition in which there is a congenital absence of the skin, usually presenting on the scalp (Beckman, Griot, Niessen et.al., 2008). It can occur anywhere in the body but most often occurs at or near the scalp vertex and appears to be a single or sometimes multiple non-inflammatory patch of absent skin. It can vary in shape and size and how deep it is (Huang, Llang, Hu,et.al., 2009). In about 20% of reported cases, part of the skull is also missing. The area may be pink or red and oval or round and may have a smooth, atrophic or papyraceus surface (Savoia, Giacomini, Aprile, et.al., 2008). If the child is seen for the first time later, there may be hypertropic scarring where any healing takes place.
There are two different clinical presentations of this particular disease. Membranous which is believed to be a mild form of tubal closure defect and non-membranous which is irregular. In both cases this is a sporadic disorder with a rare familial distribution (Huang, et.al., 2008). The average child is Caucasian of Italian origin.
Aplasia Cutis may appear isolated or with other anomalies and frequently appears when there is also a nervous system defect. It sometimes appears with epidermolysis bullosa and deformed nails and occasionally with congenital heart lesions. In the case of membranous, there is possibility that it represents a mild neural tube defect. The difference in membranous and non-membranous may be the difference in pathogenic effects in the formation of the scalp. It may appear with Adams-Oliver syndrome in which there is a combination of congenital aplasia cutis and anomalies of the extremities and vessels , especially in the skull (Beckman, et.al., 2008)
The severity of the disease when the child is born will determine what needs to be done next. In some cases the lesions will have already scarred over, in others tissue expansion will need to be done. Full thickness skin grafts can be used in those cases where necessary. If the defect is minor, most heal readily. It is recommended that topical antiseptic or topical antibiotics be used however to prevent infection while healing. There may need to be later treatment of hair transplant and there may be a need for some plastic surgery later in life based on the scaring that takes place. When using a non surgical approach there are recommendations for Omniderm with absorbent fine mesh gauze impregnated with 3% bismuth tribromophenateridin for cranial defects and the use of permeable polyurethne film in others.
Certainly a full work up and follow up on these children, other than the skin lesions is necessary to assure that there are not other problems to be cared for or stabilized over their lifetime. Those can most often include neurological disorders as well as cardiac disorders.
Nevus Sebaceous
Nevus Sebaceous is difficult to differentiate from aplasia cutis. Nevus Sebaceous is ...Show more

Summary

Clinical inspection of the hair and scalp of a newborn infant can tell us much. It is a method of early identification of genetic, metabolic, and neurologic disorders. There are a number of autosomal positive and autosomal negative gene disorders that are first manifested by disorders of the scalp and hair…
Author : sbogan
Congenital Localized Alopecia essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the article on your topic
"Congenital Localized Alopecia"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Check these samples - they also fit your topic

Prenatal stress and risk of febrile seizures in children: a nationwide longitudinal study in Denmark
Participants The study was a population-based cohort study that used the data from the Danish civil registration system from which single children who were born in between 1st of January 1978 until the 31st December 2002 were included in the study. The study children were categorized based on the cause for prenatal bereavement such as those involving the loss of a child, husband, sibling or a parent.
2 pages (500 words) Article
The relationship between language development and behaviour problems in children with hearing loss
It is hypothesized that children with hearing difficulties will have behavioral problems due to insufficient development of language ability. The authors predict that in this longitudinal study based on children diagnosed with hearing impairment as neonates (within ten months of birth), behavioral issues will be highest among those participants who have greatest level of hearing loss and whose language and communication skills are consequently least developed.
2 pages (500 words) Article
Prosopagnosia ( face blindness)
The specific part of the brain related to problems in face perception is the fusiform gyrus. It is the particular anatomy that gets activated when recognizing appearances. This paper delves into two researches related to prosopagnosia. Bate, Haslam, Tree, and Hodgson wrote a report entitled Evidence of an Eye Movement-Based Memory Effect in Congenital Prosopagnosia (2007).
3 pages (750 words) Article
Blog Article
Though, it is true that every second employee believes oneself to be at the beck and call of a boss who is inapt and a virtual heathen, yet the irony is that there is a species of organizational talent that could very well qualify all the attributes of what may be called to be the worst manager in the world.
5 pages (1250 words) Article
Peroxisomes research
The results clearly demonstrates that ipex3A have strong correlation with perixosomal function as mutation in it leads to significant reduction in H2O2 clearance and it was also supported by experiments where expression of ipex3A induced in presence of H2O2.
5 pages (1250 words) Article
Naval Hospital Guam Color Guard
The commemoration ceremony was a symbolic way to remember the Prisoners of War (POWs) and those Missing in Action (MIA) from the wars. Vice Admiral Doug Crowder, Commander of the U.S. 7th Fleet delivered a speech about the Navy's future. Adm. Crowder said, "Part of the mission is to turn this Navy over in the better shape than we found it to those who come behind us.
2 pages (500 words) Article
Comparitive politics
The aspect of ethnic nationalism is derived from the certain elements which come from the descent of the generations that have passed by as well as the ones who will be much similar in the times to come. For North Korea, to say as an example, the fact that ethnic nationalism can leave a daunting task for its people in the years to come is a harsh reality and one which must be understood in the proper scheme of things.
3 pages (750 words) Article
Assessing and Managing Patients with Musculoskeletal Conditions
Some of the aims of this journal were for the readers understand the pathology of several common musculoskeletal conditions as well as the principles of common symptom management.The population discussed in this journal is musculoskeletal patients
2 pages (500 words) Article
Academic Journal
in Alhadar and McCahill 317). Although the country has remained a religious state with the citizens observing Islamic beliefs and values, there has been an increase in the number of police in the country with a
2 pages (500 words) Article
Review article
It is seen that peripheral tissues of plants and animals also seem to have circadian rhythms. However, the central regulator of these circadian clocks in the intact organism is unknown. While it is known that
1 pages (250 words) Article
Hire a pro to write
a paper under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
YOUR PRIZE:
Apply my DISCOUNT
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment