StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

The League of Nations - Essay Example

Nobody downloaded yet

Extract of sample
The League of Nations

War weariness is a common phenomenon, more so when the gains from such wars are intangible and far removed from domestic affairs. In the aftermath of prolonged periods of conflict, "war prevention assumes a high priority[and]the favoured technique is to institute measures of cooperation and consultationwith a view to preventing war"(Buzan 1983, 163). The League of Nations established in 1919 in the aftermath of World War I, was one such attempt to change the focus of war prevention from individual to collective security.
For such an organization to be effective, it had perforce to have the backing of the major powers. Great Britain, France, Italy, Japan, and later Germany and Russia - all great powers in their own right - joined the League of Nations. The United Sates on the other hand, was the only major power not to join the League in spite of having been instrumental in creating it in the first place. According to Meg Harney, "While an excellent idea in theory, the League met with repeated problemssimply because nations had not adapted their foreign policy to change". The Senate Foreign Relations Committee was one such institution that could neither envision nor endorse this shift from a, 'balance of power' diplomacy to a new diplomacy giving greater weightage to collective security. This dichotomy i.e. ...
onal requirements was highlighted by Robert Putnam in his 'two-level game' theory, and the failure of the United States to join the League of Nations could be analyzed in this context. To this end a brief overview of the theory would not be out of place to place in perspective the salient aspects of the theory, against the backdrop of the events leading to the formation of the League of Nations.

The clash between President Wilson and the Senate over the formation of the League of Nations has been analyzed form many viewpoints. While some analysts see it as nothing more than the outcome of partisan politics, others view it as a clash of ideas between the 'internationalists' and the 'isolationists'. Though formally articulated only in 1988, the US failure to join the League of Nations can also be viewed through the lens of Putnam's 'two-level game' theory. It is a well-known fact that national leaders are simultaneously discharging their duties at two levels - the international level and the national level - with a dynamic interplay between the two.
National leaders do not conceive of foreign policy in a domestic vacuum, nor domestic policies without considering the international ramifications. As far as foreign policy is concerned, they have to consider the interests of their domestic constituencies, balancing the 'costs' of implementing foreign policy initiatives against domestic imperatives such as national economy and social welfare. Thus, the right moves at one level (of the game) can affect the other level, ultimately impacting upon the deliberations at that level. An analogy could be that of a magnet held below a sheet of paper controlling the movement of a metallic token placed above the sheet. Keeping this in mind, Robert Putnam summarized the connections ...Show more

Summary

A general association of nations must be formed under specific covenants for the purpose of affording mutual guarantees of political independence and territorial integrity to great and small states alike."
The League of Nations, an international organization, was established after the Paris Peace Conference of 1919…
Author : martinthiel
The League of Nations essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"The League of Nations"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Check these samples - they also fit your topic

League of Nations
The authors felt that by concentrating on one small part, they would be able to understand why this was such a controversial movement. The New Party was instituted in order to bridge a gap between socialism and capitalism when the Crisis of 1931 happened.
2 pages (500 words) Essay
League of Nations

The author explains that the League of Nations was first formed with 43 members and then rose to 56 members along with the cooperation of Russia and the US to a greater extent. The League was considered as an essential part of the post-war world. It cannot be uprooted by anything less than war or rebellion.

5 pages (1250 words) Essay
Can foreign policy be both 'ethical' and Realist or Discuss the similarities and differences between the League of Nation
A declaration that each represented country would join in fighting the Germany Nazis and Japan in the Second World War was present in this document was. This declaration opened up further discussions on the possibilities of forming a United Nations organ and a subsequent substitution of the discredited League of Nations (Jansson, 2012, p.
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
World History. The Mandate for Palestine is an historical League of Nations
The Mandate for Palestine is an historical League of Nations document that gave the Jews a legal right to settle anywhere in Western Palestine. This document was conferred on April 24 1920, at the San Remo Conference. It was unanimously approved by the Council of League of Nations in July 24 1924 and became operational in September 29 1923.
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
The Abyssinian crisis led to the failure of the League of Nations
The Abyssinian crisis led to the failure of the League of Nations When the guns of the First World War finally became silent at 2300hrs on 11th November of 1918, there were subsequent calls for peace. Without wasting any time, leaders of thirty two countries met in France with the objective of forming an organization that would ensure there was peace in the world.
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
League of Nations

The author states that it is undeniable the social success that the League had in establishing commissions and agencies, many of them working currently for the successor: the United Nations. In the opening words, Leon Bourgeois uttered: “January 16, 1920, will go down to history as the date of the birth of the new world”.

6 pages (1500 words) Essay
League of Nations
The League of Nations established in 1919 in the aftermath of World War I, was one such attempt to change the focus of war prevention from individual to collective security. For such an organization to be effective, it had perforce to have the backing of the major powers.
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Are the great IGOs (such as the League of Nations or the UN) efficient in accomplishing the goals for which they are founded
It had also been continuously involved in the internal turmoil experienced by many countries. It had been branded as an instrument for the promotion of interests of powerful nations, which are mostly members of its Security
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
How might the ideas of classical realists have been evident in the design in the design of the United Nations,when compared to the predecessor,the League of Nations
Moreover, governments are always anxious to prevent restrains that influence international law. They prevent the restrains because of the huge effect that it brings in their international politics. Other realists do not
12 pages (3000 words) Essay
Hire a pro to write
a paper under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
YOUR PRIZE:
Apply my DISCOUNT
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment