Moreover land is a finite resource and for an island like Cyprus which is an aggregarian island and much of its income depends on what it is able to grow, because this encroachment upon its green field not only eats up arable land but also destroys its biota.
Even though several researches have been conducted on this specific area but they have offered palliatives rather than concrete or practical tools for implementation. This paper aims to highlight sustainable ways in which the city should be allowed to expand and develop and to bracket ways in which the theories advanced can be implemented in the city. Implementing this theory would mean redesign and development of the unused spaces according to smart growth theories and principles that oppose everything negative growth stands for. This constitutes tools for compact urban development which include the development of Brownfield sites, infill and mixed use of development and transit oriented development.
Research Problem and Methodology:
Famagusta is a coastal city in the Eastern Mediterranean island of Cyprus. As a
historical town, it has changed many hands at different historical intervals. Founded in
circa 648-1192 AD it came under Lusignan rule in 1192 until 1489. Other periods that
followed are: the Venetian period (1489-1571); the Ottoman period (1571-1878) and
the British period (1878-1960). Cyprus gained its independence from Britain in 1960
and under self-rule until the events of 1974 which brought about the division of the
island into two separate states.
However, during the Ottoman era the non-Muslim population of the city vacated to the
outskirts. This was clearly the beginning of spatial segregation of the two dominant
communities: the Greek Cypriot community and the Turkish Cypriot Community. The
Greek Cypriots disengaged to what are known as the Varosha (Maras) and Kato
Varosha (Asagi Maras) areas south of the walled city. By the time the Ottomans finally
ceded the city to the British in 1878 and subsequently becoming a British Crown
Colony, the landscape had already become racially segmentalised (Doratli et. al, 2001)
The event of 1974 was the watershed that finally separated the two communities, with
the timely intervention of the Turkish army to provide highly needed protection to the
Turkish Cypriot population from Greek massacre. This event, as it were, shattered the
political, social, economic dynamics as well as changed the physical landscape of
Famagusta and indeed every nook and cranny of the pristine island. The political as well
as economic blockade which followed in the wake of the Turkish intervention sent the
once thriving tourism sector into a freefall; the closure and buffering of Kato Varosha
(Asagi Maras) prevented further growth towards the south. Consequently, the city's
growth took a turn towards the north (Doratli et. al 2001; Oktay 2005). The surplus
housing stock left vacant by the flight of the Greek residents was eventually filled by
the settler population from Turkish Anatolia and the refugees from the southern part.
Although, as to be expected, the demographics of the island had changed drastically in
the period immediately after the war, the