S. Constitution which abolished slavery, and the Fourteenth Amendment which prohibits certain restrictive legislation on the part of the states.
4. Justice Harlan dissented with the majority in Plessy and declared the U. S. Constitution as color-blind, in that in view of the U. S. Constitution, in the eye of the law, there is in this country no superior, dominant, ruling class of citizens.
5. In his dissent in Plessy, Justice Harlan pointed out that notwithstanding recent Amendments to the U. S. Constitution which supposedly eradicated the principle of Black Inferiority, in some states, whites asserted themselves as a dominant race, a superior class of citizens, who assumed to regulate the enjoyment of civil rights upon the basis of race.
6. Further in his dissent, Justice Harlan said that the judgment rendered in Plessy will in time, fade away and prove not to be as pernicious as the decision made by the same tribunal in the Dred Scott Case.
7. In the Court's holding in Brown v. Board of Education, the Court specifically concluded that in the field of public education the doctrine of "separate but equal" has no place. Separate educational facilities are inherently unequal.
8. According to the decision in Brown, by reason of the segregation, the plaintiffs and others similarly situated were deprived of the equal protection of the laws guaranteed by the Fourteenth Amendment.
9. Mr. Thurgood Marshall, one of the individuals and lead counsel who argued Brown before the U. S. Supreme Court, based much of the argument on Mr. Justice Harlan's dissent in Plessy, which persuaded the United States Supreme Court, primarily Chief Justice Earl Warren
10. Opposition to the nomination of Justice Clarence Thomas centered around his conservative political and social philosophy and his alleged sexual harassment of Anita Hill.
11. As Supreme Court Justice, Clarence Thomas tends to oppose affirmative action and race-based programs.
12. The U.S. Constitution directly created the three-tiered federal court system.
13. In Marbury v. Madison, the Supreme Court ruled that the Court had the power to order the president to perform an act required by congressionally passed statute.
14. Amending the U.S. Constitution can be used to overturn a Supreme Court decision that declares a federal law unconstitutional.