Through history products was produced by craftsman whose skills have been handed down through the centuries. Craftsman themselves rarely had any visible identities and they functioned within their relevant craft communities. As the industrial revolution unfolded hand crafts where no longer sufficient to supply enough commodities to the consumers and many crafts where mechanised and produced by production processes.
Further more, as industrial firms flourished with their large production lines, there was always a search for new products and more productive processes to produce them.
With the end of the craftsmen era and the beginning of the industrial era brought on by the new inventions there was a higher demand created for new products as living conditions improved. In the late 18th to the beginning of the 19th century new products was mostly developed by inventors. Inventors such as Frenchmen, B. Thimonnier (sewing machine), Francis Pettit Smith (propeller), Charles Babbage (mechanical calculator), Alexander Bain (facsimile), Hamilton Smith (washing machine) and Alfred Nobel (dynamite) to name but a few . Many of these inventions can still be found in our homes today. These inventers where mostly engineers, doctors or scientist, educated and trained in only one field.
But as the industries expanded and several prominent firms was established in the 19th and early 20th century, these firms created their own design departments to create new and innovative products in order to stay competitive. Examples are Coca-Cola , Nestle , Ford and the Carrier Corporation to name but a few. Through their efforts the world saw the first six-pack, the chocolate bar, rolling production lines and air conditioning to name a few. Many organizations created design departments with dedicated designers to evaluate customer needs and then design products that will satisfy these needs. Due to the increased competition in the commercial world these departments will work on a range of products at any one time, to ensure profitability from those successfully introduced into the market. Designed products include diet soda, transistor radio (Texas Instruments), non stick pan, oral contraceptives, Barbie doll, etc
Today product designs have an even more profound effect on bottom line of major companies. Although its impact may be difficult to quantify a UK trade association, the design council lodged a project to try and measure the payoff companies make from design products. The tracked the performance of 63 British companies who incorporated product design into their production processes. They measured the share price performance of these companies against the designer awards they received from 1994 to 2004. Their research indicated that these design companies outperformed the FTSE 100 and FTSE All Share indices by 200% over a ten year period. The results from their research strongly indicated that companies who invest more in product design are more likely to succeed in a competitive market.
Image 2: Chris Bangle's Design for the new BMW 3 Series
New Style Designers
This new trend in product design created the need for new specialist in the field, and as organizations and education institutions aligned themselves to educate and train these new entries to the industry a new type of inventor was born. Product designers are trained in concept development, testing and manufacturing, and implementation. As these specialists entered the market, some went at it on their own. Designers such as Bill Moggridge a ...
Cite this document
(“Changing Role of the Product Designer from 18th Century to Now Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.net/miscellaneous/299552-changing-role-of-the-product-designer-from-18th-century-to-now
(Changing Role of the Product Designer from 18th Century to Now Essay)
“Changing Role of the Product Designer from 18th Century to Now Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/miscellaneous/299552-changing-role-of-the-product-designer-from-18th-century-to-now.
18th Century of Enlightenment & Revolution Introduction The eighteenth (18th) century was marked by major enlightenment events like the death of Louis XIV of France and the beginning of the French revolution. Philosophers of Enlightenment like Montesquieu advocated for the separation of the powers of the government while Rousseau was of the view that man is born free and citizens should be free to choose their government.
The period also got characterized with the rise of mercantilism. There religious dominance of the Catholic Church also fell during this period. The history of modern Europe can be understood better as a history of revolutionary changes. The revolutionary events of the period shaped the modern Europe continent (Merriman 212).
The city emerged as the theater for a series of major battles known as the New York Campaign during the American Revolutionary War. New York City was the capital of the United States until 1790.In the early 1800s, New York City was thriving due to economic power; the state soon acquired the nickname, "The Empire State."
"For instance, we recognize the intrigues by means of which favors and promotions were obtained at Ann's court" (Taralunga, 2003: 132). Satire against the warlike attitudes of England and the Europeans is threaded through Gulliver's second voyage, in which the easily overpowering giants abhor war over all other things.
French Revolution during 18th century is event that shook France between 1787 and 1799 which took its violent form when the Controller General of Finances, Charles-Alexandre de Calonne proposed to design the reform to eliminate budget deficit by increasing the taxation of privileged classes by summoning the assembly by ‘notables’ like prelates.
This movement called The Enlightenment was contrary to other religious thinking at the time. A previous movement, The Awakening had been spearheaded by preachers such as Jonathan Edwards and George Whifield. While the Enlightenment would promote the scientific innovations that were necessary for life in the colonies, The Awakening formed the basis of social, political, and economic change for the upcoming American Revolution.
The author of the text touches upon the topic of conspiracy in New York in the 18th century. For example, in 1741, Daniel Horsmanden, the city’s recorder was one of the three presiding judges to the infamous New York conspiracy trials. This was after a series of fires took place taking down several buildings in the city and it was generally taken that it was the work of slaves.
By expressing the values and changes of society in art, generations of the future use the art movements to understand the past civilizations. Creative artists receive influence from political and social changes in society. Art is the fullest form of human
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
GOT A TRICKY QUESTION? RECEIVE AN ANSWER FROM STUDENTS LIKE YOU!
Let us find you another Essay on topic Changing Role of the Product Designer from 18th Century to Now for FREE!