Utilitarianism an Unreasonable Happiness - Essay Example

Only on StudentShare

Extract of sample
Utilitarianism an Unreasonable Happiness

Indeed there are powerful cultural influences to continue consuming even if it requires going into debt, which happens frequently. If so many people shoulder the unpleasant cycle of indebtedness in order to continue consuming, it seems a shift in the entire paradigm of capitalism based on distant people and the abstract next generation is unlikely. However as an individual who has a deeper understanding of the consequences of wastefulness and pollution, I have a greater ethical obligation to make conscious decisions regarding what I use and discard.
There is a deep and vested interest to keep Americans consuming goods and services that they do not need strictly for survival purposes. The growth of the economy depends on many people spending money which drives industry to create more consumables. The most successful marketers are able to tap into and manipulate the aspects of identity that are significant to our sense of well-being. If a dramatic drop in consumption occurred, real and present negative consequences will occur, including many people losing their own job. This is a short term problem compared to the consequences of environmental change; however, drastic change in the average life style of most Americans would cause a lot of unhappiness.
A fundamental change would have to occur that shifted economic models away from ...
Download paper

Summary

The theory of Utilitarianism contends that in order to be ethical one must take into consideration the overall happiness of all people in the world; however this theory disregards an individual's evolutionary instinct for self-preservation and the prevailing American cultural influence promoting competition…
Author : noemi27

Related Essays

Utilitarianism
The Ethical policy which stated that moral value of an action is exclusively resolute by its donation to overall efficacy. It is thus a figure of inevitably, sense that the moral worth of an action is resolute by its outcome the ends validate the resources. Utility the good to be capitalized on has been distinct by a variety of thinkers as contentment or pleasure though preference utilitarian like Peter Singer describes it as the pleasure of fondness.The theme of abortion is an extremely responsive one. Abortion is critically wicked. The finest way to argue in conflict to abortion is with...
2 pages (502 words) Essay
The theory of utilitarianism
Utilitarianism theory is referred to by some as the consequentialist ethical theory. It is expressed in the form that asserts that people should always act so as to produce the greatest ratio of good to evil for everyone. This has great appeal in the area of welfare economics and does not differ dramatically from the philosophies and beliefs of Keynes, Pareto, and Pigou; some might even include Marx in this category. The utilitarians believe that when choosing between two actions, the one that produces the greatest net happiness should be the one chosen. Where most of them disagree with one...
5 pages (1255 words) Essay
Act and Rule Utilitarianism
Act utilitarianism focuses on the specific act that will bring that good in the end. However, according to the rule utilitarian, this is improbable or even impossible. This begs the question: How does one determine if an act will produce a specific good This is where rule utilitarianism comes into the picture. One first determines what are the rules that if generally followed will produce the best results. The rule utilitarian does not focus on finding the specific act that will produce the best results since any act in accordance to that rule will produce a good.Thus, rule utilitarianism is...
1 pages (251 words) Essay
John Mill's Utilitarianism
Therefore, Utilitarianism is consequentialism - the morality of an action depended on its outcome, and on nothing else. Utility is happiness or pleasure, and suffering is disutility. Elements of the doctrine of Utilitarianism can be traced back to the Greek philosopher, Epicurus, although Jeremy Bentham is generally credited as the original propounder of this doctrine. "Nature", said Bentham, "has placed mankind under the governance of two sovereign masters, pain and pleasure. It is for them alone to point out what we ought to do, as well as to determine what we shall do. On the one hand the...
6 pages (1506 words) Essay
Happiness
As I take it, then, well-being is synonymous with a persons own good, welfare, or interest. To say that something contributes to ones well-being is simply to say that it is in ones interest, that it is good for one, or that it makes ones life go better. Understood as such, well-being is an inherently evaluative concept: when we say that something promotes ones welfare, we ascribe a certain type of value to that thing. In particular, we identify it as having prudential value (Silverstein, 2000, p. 279)...
3 pages (753 words) Essay
Happiness
In addition, the modern world fills our heads full of numerous distractions, many of which claim happiness can only be achieved after one has accomplished this material good or that status in life. In America, for example, people learn that happiness is what occurs when we have finally managed to claim ownership of a luxury car, a fine house and a stunning wardrobe to show off the tremendous body we’ve maintained, perhaps with the help of a personal trainer or skilled plastic surgeon. “To fulfill their dreams, Americans claim they need an annual income of $102,000” (Myers, 2000)....
6 pages (1506 words) Research Paper
Utilitarianism
The assumptions of utilitarianism are: 1) Human well-being is a common good; 2) Everyone should be included in the assessment of utility; and 3) The right actions promote what is good for society....
4 pages (1004 words) Essay
Got a tricky question? Receive an answer from students like you! Try us!