StudentShare solutions
Got a tricky question? Receive an answer from students like you! Try us!

Essay example - Utilitarianism an Unreasonable Happiness

Only on StudentShare
High school
Essay
Miscellaneous
Pages 2 (502 words)
The theory of Utilitarianism contends that in order to be ethical one must take into consideration the overall happiness of all people in the world; however this theory disregards an individual's evolutionary instinct for self-preservation and the prevailing American cultural influence promoting competition…

Extract of sample

Indeed there are powerful cultural influences to continue consuming even if it requires going into debt, which happens frequently. If so many people shoulder the unpleasant cycle of indebtedness in order to continue consuming, it seems a shift in the entire paradigm of capitalism based on distant people and the abstract next generation is unlikely. However as an individual who has a deeper understanding of the consequences of wastefulness and pollution, I have a greater ethical obligation to make conscious decisions regarding what I use and discard.
There is a deep and vested interest to keep Americans consuming goods and services that they do not need strictly for survival purposes. The growth of the economy depends on many people spending money which drives industry to create more consumables. The most successful marketers are able to tap into and manipulate the aspects of identity that are significant to our sense of well-being. If a dramatic drop in consumption occurred, real and present negative consequences will occur, including many people losing their own job. This is a short term problem compared to the consequences of environmental change; however, drastic change in the average life style of most Americans would cause a lot of unhappiness.
A fundamental change would have to occur that shifted economic models away from ...
Download paper
Not exactly what you need?

Related papers

Happiness Research
Based on the appraisal-based theory of happiness, Myers and Diener maintain that one's personality traits, the characteristics of one's social milieu etc can determine one's happiness. Whereas a person's age, sex, race, and income etc cannot determine factors of happiness, "better clues come from knowing a person's traits, whether the person enjoys a supportive network of close relationships,…
4 pages (1004 words)
Utilitarianism
The Ethical policy which stated that moral value of an action is exclusively resolute by its donation to overall efficacy. It is thus a figure of inevitably, sense that the moral worth of an action is resolute by its outcome the ends validate the resources. Utility the good to be capitalized on has been distinct by a variety of thinkers as contentment or pleasure though preference utilitarian like…
2 pages (502 words)
The theory of utilitarianism
Utilitarianism theory is referred to by some as the consequentialist ethical theory. It is expressed in the form that asserts that people should always act so as to produce the greatest ratio of good to evil for everyone. This has great appeal in the area of welfare economics and does not differ dramatically from the philosophies and beliefs of Keynes, Pareto, and Pigou; some might even include…
5 pages (1255 words)
Act and Rule Utilitarianism
Act utilitarianism focuses on the specific act that will bring that good in the end. However, according to the rule utilitarian, this is improbable or even impossible. This begs the question: How does one determine if an act will produce a specific good This is where rule utilitarianism comes into the picture. One first determines what are the rules that if generally followed will produce the best…
1 pages (251 words)
John Mill's Utilitarianism
Therefore, Utilitarianism is consequentialism - the morality of an action depended on its outcome, and on nothing else. Utility is happiness or pleasure, and suffering is disutility. Elements of the doctrine of Utilitarianism can be traced back to the Greek philosopher, Epicurus, although Jeremy Bentham is generally credited as the original propounder of this doctrine. "Nature", said Bentham, "has…
6 pages (1506 words)