History of modern social thought

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Recognized as one of the most influential thinkers through his innovation of classical liberalism, Jeremy Bentham is deemed as a pillar of modern social thought and the founder of the utilitarian school of thought. With his powerful ideas, which are way beyond his times, Bentham's philosophy became a moving force behind prominent philosophers such as John Stuart Mill, Robert Owen and several world leaders…

Introduction


Bentham was born in February 15, 1748 in Spitalfields, London. He was part of a wealthy Tory family whose proclivity is in the practice of law. His childhood was filled with a mixture of religious superstition, owing to his mother's side, and enlightened rationalism, as his father and grandfather were both attorneys (Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy).
With such a brilliant mind, Bentham was considered as a child prodigy. At an early age, he was found sitting at his father's desk reading a multi-volume of English history and studying Latin. He attended the Westminster School and Queen's College, Oxford, where he completed his Bachelor's degree (1763) and Master's degree (1766). ("West's Encyclopedia of American Law)
Bentham's father believed that his son would one day become the Lord Chancellor of England ("UCL Bentham Project"). With this, Bentham was educated as a lawyer and admitted to the bar in 1769. However, he decided against the practice of law as he became disconcerted with the complexity of the English legal code. Instead, he opted to pursue a career in legal, political and social reform. ("West's Encyclopedia of American Law)
In light of his chosen career path, Bentham devoted most of his life to writing matters pertaining to legal reforms. ...
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