The references are not very recent as far as the time of publication of this research paper is concerned (1999). The most recent reference quoted it self is from 1996. Only five references are mentioned which were published in the last five years. Similarly fifteen references (including the above mentioned five) were mentioned in the last ten years of publication year.
Yes. The author explained that several research studies have been conducted in effect of biological factors on depression. Lot of researchers worked on effect of sense of belonging on depression. Similarly some researchers worked on relation between loneliness and depression. However clarity has not been developed on psychological factors affecting depression. Similarly there has been little research information available on the extent to which the belonging, social support, loneliness and conflict are predictive of depression.
a. Is the framework explicitly expressed or must the reviewer extract the framework from implicit statements in the literature review No. There has been no organized frame work for explicit expression of interconnection of inter personal processes and depression. ...
3. Examine the study framework or theoretical perspective.
a. Is the framework explicitly expressed or must the reviewer extract the framework from implicit statements in the literature review No. There has been no organized frame work for explicit expression of interconnection of inter personal processes and depression. The literature supporting the implicit expression of interconnection of inter personal processes and depression was reviewed in this research paper.
b. Is the framework based on scientific, substantive, or tentative theory
The frame work is based on scientific theories. Several researchers have come up with different scientific theories on depression which has formed the base for this frame work. Similarly the statistical path analysis is also a scientifically valid theory which has been used by the author for the present study.
c. Does the framework identify, define, and describe relationships among the concepts of interest
Yes. It defines the relationships among the concepts of interest i.e. depression and sense of belonging, loneliness and conflict. Path analysis with multiple regression model and correlation has been conducted for better description of relationship among the concepts of interest.
d. How is the framework related to the body of knowledge in nursing
By predicting the interpersonal theories contribution to depression, nursing will utilize this information for curing psychologically depressed patients effectively. Nursing will control those positive factors affecting the depression and will try to enhance those qualities negatively influencing depression.
4. Are there any research objectives, questions, or hypotheses
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Yes. The purpose of the study was clearly stated as to examine the model of effects of the interpersonal phenomena of sense of belonging, social support, loneliness, and conflict on depression, and to describe the predictive value of sense of belonging for depression in the context of other interpersonal phenomenon.
This not only motivates and inculcates confidence but also provides ability to grasp and tackle stress and related issues intelligently.
In this competitive epoch and demanding life, stress cannot be evaded. We do not come across tough situations every day, it happens occasionally when situation turn out to be beyond our control.
Symptoms of depression can be seen in a person who's gripped with an inferiority complex and frustration. Depression makes a person feel low in confidence levels, hopeless, unduly guilty, worthless, sad, sleepy and/ or full of pessimistic ideas. If the pessimism grows out of bounds, the person may not even feel like eating, speaking or working.
The approach towards management of loneliness is of utmost importance, as this is one of those psychological conditions wherein the treatment circumstances greatly impact the final course of healing. This topic hence entails immense significance and needs to be understood in the context of real-time problems that exist within the treatment mechanism.
As the report declares pearson product-moment correlation coefficients showed significant positive correlation between internet usage and social, family and romantic loneliness. Ignorance of the society due to problematic internet usage may be the reason for loneliness. Loneliness is a state of mind.
Conflicts are common experiences in social set ups that dictate interaction of two or more people. They majorly arise from differences in opinions and ideologies, and inability to accommodate each other. Domestic set ups is one of the environments that involve constant interactions such as interactions between spouses.
Every aspect of the environment here agreed in totally with the lost glory that belonged here, not even the valleys that had become prominent were an exception. The dried sand would send a true confession that it would no