Early childhood they said begins at two years and extends up to six years, while the late childhood starts at six up to the time child becomes sexually mature."(114) According to Hurlock, the importance of this dividing line between early and late childhood is that there is a difference in treatment to children before they enter school and after they had enter the school. She said that, "American children before they reach the compulsory school-entrance age, are treated very differently than they are after they enter school." She pointed out that it is the treatment and expectation they receive from the social group that "influence what this treatment will be that determine when the dividing line occur between the early and late childhood."(114)
Before one can understand fully the stages of human development in the classroom with early childhood, it is important that we point out what these stages are. In the introduction of this paper, the early childhood period extends from two up to six years of age. ...
arents as a problem age or a troublesome age, because it is the period where behavior problems become frequent and more troublesome than the physical care problems of babyhood. The reason for these behavior problems according to Hurlock is that, "young children are developing distinctive personalities and are demanding independence which, in most cases, they are incapable of handling successfully."(p.114) She further noted that in addition to their instinctive personality development, young children are often "obstinate, stubborn, disobedient, negativistic and antagonistic."(p.115) They also have frequent tantrums and are "often bothered by bad dreams at night and irrational fears during the day."(p.115) It is these reasons that to many parents, childhood seems to be less appealing age than the babyhood.
Early childhood is also considered as the toy age by most parent because young children spend much of their working time playing with toys. According to the studies on children's play, "toy plays reaches its peak during the early childhood years and then, begins to decrease when children reach the school age."(p.115) They noted that, with the child's entrance into the grade school, children are encouraged to engage in games and modified forms of sports, of which none require the use of toys. But the study also emphasized that "interest in playing toys does not end abruptly the pre-school years, nursery schools, kindergartens, day care centers, and organized play groups all emphasize the use of toys, thus, playing alone or playing with peers, toys are important element of their play activities."(p.115)
Educators on the other hand, refer to the child years as preschool age. This is the time when children are considered old enough physically and mentally, "to