Mohammad Reza later held the monarchial titles of Shahanshah or King of Kings and Aryamehr or the Light of the Aryans. His rule as the second monarch of the Pahlavi dynasty began on 16 September 1941 and ended at the time of the Iranian Revolution on 11 February 1979. Mohammad Reza was in fact the last Shah of the Iranian monarchy (Pahlavi b).
As a child, Mohammad Reza had attended the Institut Le Rosey, a Swiss boarding school. Upon completing his schooling in 1935, he had returned to Iran to enroll in the local military academy in Tehran. Soon after completing his courses at the local military academy in 1938, Mohammad Reza was to replace his father on the throne. This happened in the midst of the Second World War in 1941. Nazi Germany had started Operation Barbarossa and invaded the Soviet Union, thus breaking the Nazi-Soviet non-aggression pact. Iran was affected by the invasion because it had maintained good relations with both sides. Although the country had declared neutrality on the subject of the invasion of Soviet Union, it was seen as a potential member of the Axis, a threat to the enemies of Nazi Germany. It was at this time that both Great Britain and Soviet Union staged a preventive invasion upon the Iranian soil. ...Show more