The sociologist explores the significance of the 'other people' he calls audience, in shaping the individual's characters, and says that the person will try to hide the undesired characteristics or behaviors to impress a group with the more appreciable ones (Barnhart), also see, (Erving, 1959).
In his work, Erving outlines the view that co-operation of individuals is derived from the individual's desired intent in performance. In his view, Erving does not provide clear explanation on the gender interaction as they perform various social roles and what makes a man be suited to some activities that women may not perform as good. It has for long been known that there are clear outline in performance of certain duties by certain gender. For example, males aren't suited to performing certain roles as would do the females. Religion has argument that there are natural roles for different genders that are clearly separate from one another. Though he gives an overview of what really happens in shaping an individual as he interact with the rest, he fails to clear the air on gender interactions amongst men and amongst women or the inter-gender relationship, and how social roles are communicated from one generation to another.
The originality and identity of man cannot be eliminated from biological formation of man and the theory of gene inheritance. Man has been known to convey certain character traits to the children and thus playing an important role in defining who an individual is. Although his view that man's development of identity results in interaction with others is justifiable, it lacks the evidence of how this is inputted into a person and its influence on the original traits of that person. It is known that all individuals do not posses the ability to interact with others; some are shy, others are over confident.
Although Erving's work shows clearly the interaction between individuals, it can be perceived to have left out very important matters of the society like education, career, information systems and technology in shaping an individual to fit into a society. In fact, these are gradually influencing relations between people. In the modern world where technology is founding a place even inside our bedrooms, the society is becoming more and more diverse. Even the children are not getting enough time with their parents because they spend time exploring over the website, playing games, watching movies, or even at school and in turn they may lack enough time to interact with people. In fact, cases of obesity in children have been linked to growth in technology and the behavior of children implicated with how much time they spent watching movies full of violent scenes and sexual content. The behavior of people in the modern world is no longer the same with the entry of better education, improved informational systems, media and technology. Sawhney (2000) notes that electronic media is destroying identities of groups, social roles and private and personal areas. Children aged eight to eighteen years spend about 44.5 hour/week in front of media gargets like television, computers and games screens than other activities in their life apart from the time spent to sleep (Kaiser Family Foundation, 2005; as cited in National