Individualism and Collectivism - Essay Example

Only on StudentShare

Extract of sample
Individualism and Collectivism

Societies characterized as collectivist are commonly communist or communal societies.
Democratic society is more or less based on individualism, and how as individuals we are all free to decide our own path and determine our own fates. These days, we all say that the individual has the right to decide how to live their own lives, and individuals, societies, or institutions should not be allowed to interfere. A common argument against individualism is that it is little more than selfishness or egotism. However, individualism is more about providing personal choices rather than explicitly providing benefit to individuals.
Perhaps the most glaringly obvious downside to this is that the increasing emphasis on the importance of the individual has by necessity occurred in conjunction with de-emphasis on the importance of community. In deciding that we are free to determine our fates regardless of any other considerations, we have lost that feeling of community that used to be considered so important. Too many people have stopped believing they have any responsibility to their wider community, and this is reflected in increasing crime rates, especially of violent crime. ...
Download paper

Summary

Individualism emphasizes the value of self-reliance and personal responsibility. It is a philosophy which places the importance of the individual's will above that of the community, or rather than one does not have to place the wishes and desires of society or the community above one's own personal wishes or desires…
Author : zschmeler

Related Essays

Compare and contrast individualism and individuality
Here, the aggregate of properties are peculiar to an individual, where the sum of the attributes distinguish an object from others of the same kind (Oxford English Dictionary)....
2 pages (502 words) Essay
Individualism and collectivism paper
Individualism represents a society in which individual relations are not strong and in which people are expected to fend for themselves. Individualism is the opposite of collectivism and taken together they form one of the dimensions of national cultures. Collectivism on the other hand connotes a form of society in which people from their childhood itself are integrated into strong cohesive groups; that protect them for the rest of their life in return for their unquestioning loyalty....
2 pages (502 words) Essay
Role of Perception in Decision Making
It has been found that cultural background indeed helps in shaping the behavior of an individual (Husted and Allen, 2008)....
4 pages (1004 words) Essay
Cultural Study Report Chinese
Intergroup competition and attitudes toward immigrants and immigration: An instrumental model of group conflict. Journal of Social Issues, 54(4), 699-724....
10 pages (2510 words) Essay
Sociology and Social Constructs
Social construct exists because people agree to behave as if it exists, or concur as if to comply with certain conventional rules, or behave as if such accord or rules came into being (Social Constructs 2007)....
4 pages (1004 words) Essay
hofstede's cultural dimension australia vs vietnam (management subject)
Hofstede says that culture “is the collective programming of the mind that distinguishes the member of one group or category of people from another”(Tjosvoid and Leung, 2003, p 31) Hofstede has captured cultural values in terms of cultural dimensions which are broad attitudes of the people in a society concerned with identification of evil, good, dirty and clean, moral and immoral, irrational and rational.(Tjosvoid and Leung, 2003, p 31) The work of Hofstede stemming out of a lengthy survey of employees of the well known IBM multinational spread over some 70 countries and his later work...
3 pages (753 words) Essay
The effect of national culture on Commitment forms within international joint venture
the huge population growth which had occurred in the Arab world due to work opportunities related to oil supplies resulting in considerable international migration to countries such as Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates. Such immigration is mainly from surrounding countries (Ali, 1986). Such large-scale immigration occurs because there is a shortage of national labour means there is a need to seek non-national workers who then end up making national a minority within their own country (Ali, 1986). Therefore this situation results in making the national culture a minority within its own...
40 pages (10040 words) Essay
Got a tricky question? Receive an answer from students like you! Try us!