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Employee motivation and manufacturing - Essay Example

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Summary
Motivation is one of the important factors affecting human behavior. The level of motivation does not only affect perception and learning but it also affects the total performance of the individuals, as expressed by:
The motivation is also affected by various psychological factors discussed earlier, such as perception, learning, and personality…
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Employee motivation and manufacturing
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Employee motivation and manufacturing

Many of the jobs in large organization offer limited intrinsic motivation for effective performance and productivity. For such jobs the concept of job enrichment is supposed to be the most applicable. The job enrichment is designed to enhance the quality of work and thus increase worker involvement and motivation. One of the major problems facing enterprises is how to get optimum results from the massive investments in these enterprises and the foremost problem among these is the problem of motivating human resources, problems of under-Utilization of abilities, frustration, instigated behavior, unfavorable job attitudes and low morale appear to prevail as much among managers and supervisors as among workers. Motivation has been defined as the force that gives rise to a behavior. There are various factors that influence the behavior and among them the needs of the individual are most important (Douglas, 1997. p.52). Needs not only initiate but also sustain the force of behavior and this is called motivation. Since people spend very significant part of their working lives in workplaces, it is natural that they seek to satisfy their needs through work and in their organizations. Satisfaction or dissatisfaction of a person's various needs affects his performance, his relations with others in the enterprise, his mental health and in general his behavior. All motivational needs are directly connected with the job and must be met on individual basis

MOTIVATIONAL FACTORS IN A MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY
Employee motivation is the main activity for HRD thrust on quality of work life. Among other things, the employee motivation will involve the following activities:
Proper communication at shop level
Employee facilities
Employee performance recognition
Employee participation with team spirit
Development and job enrichment
Dynamic HRD efforts

1. Proper Communication at Shop Level
The main object of HRD philosophy is respect for the dignity of the worker as a human being and motivates his enormous potential for contribution and growth. HRD efforts have therefore to gain the confidence of the worker that he is seen as a member who is important to the organization. Proper communication plays a pivotal role to achieve results in this priority area. (Bhatia, 1999, p.52) Besides the traditional methods of information sharing through house journals, notice boards, shop campaigns, etc., novelty can be experimented for orienting shop communication in tune with the process of work etc.
(a) Shop Communication Forums
Normally, a worker feels a sense of belonging when the organization shares with him various company information. Shop communication forums at the work place enable information sharing with the grass-roots levels of the workforce. The forum' holds communication sessions in the shop on various aspects of the plant with information focus on production targets and performance of the shop, cost control, energy conservation and techno-economic factors, safety, housekeeping and various other thrust areas. The method ... Read More
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