Memory Deficits and Aging - Essay Example

Only on StudentShare

Extract of sample
Memory Deficits and Aging

Memory impairment among the elderly often begins casually and progresses consistently leading to a disproportionately impaired cognitive symptom over time. By the middle part of the disorder, the memory is impaired but other types of cognitive functions such as language, visuo-spatial abilities, and key executive functions are also impaired. In its advanced stages, the patient ultimately becomes disoriented to time, place, and finally, persons. The advanced and latter stages will then require specialized medical care and attention to address the daily functioning of the elderly.
The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM IV; APA 1994) defined dementia as "the progress of multiple cognitive deficits that covers memory impairment and one of any of these cognitive disturbances: aphasia, apraxia, agnosia, or a disturbance in executive functions" (p. 134). Cognitive disturbance as manifested in dementia pertains to a decline from a higher normal level of daily functioning to a severely impaired level which seriously affects an individual's discharge of his/her social, family or work duties. The prevalence of dementia increases significantly with age, and approximately 6% of individuals over age 65 and 20% over age 80 suffer from a a disabling degree of dementia (Plum 1987).
Dementia and amnesia are ...
Download paper


Memory loss affects the elderly population in general. It also affects their functional ability and independence as integral individuals. A most common form of memory deficit is dementia. Dementia is a progressive disease which has these marked symptoms: irreversible loss of memory, cognitive difficulties, speech and mobility limitations, disorientation, and marked changes in personality.
Author : dickensgrace

Related Essays

Attitude Toward Aging Process
They are faced with other complications such as hearing and eyesight impairment, memory loss and diminished joint mobility. Wrinkling of skin
2 pages (502 words) Essay
Questions on Psychology of Aging
The SOC theory "involves an orchestration of selection, optimization, and compensation." When an individual decides on the path or goal he wants to achieve, this process is called selection. "During ontogeny, there are several additional sources for selection: individuals and societies sample from a population of possibilities or opportunities (.), limited individual capacity in time and resources, incompatibility of goals and outcomes, and age-related changes. The activities he will do to hit the target is optimization. If the individual can no longer keep his goal he resorts in goal-relevant...
9 pages (2259 words) Essay
global aging
Around 60% of these elderly people live in developing countries, and this figure will rise to 80%.
2 pages (502 words) Essay
The explicit format of memory is more accessible because conscious and unconscious working of our mind is strongly co-related with our experience of the object reality where some sort of learning is involved. Our conscious mind understands and interprets the sensations according to the partial or total recall of the events. It is a fact that the mind is capable of retrieving images from recess even if no conscious effort was made to commit them to memory. Hence, it can be safely stated that even during the process of intentional recall of an image in some specific format, the mind can generate...
2 pages (502 words) Research Paper
This is stored with the usage of three ways. First of all, the human mind changes matter into storage forms. This is done by integrating memory with known events which can be things are seen, heard or experienced. This method is referred to as encoding. The second step is storage whereby the human mind places information in the memory for storage. The final part is the ability of a human being to recall and recover the stored information in times of need that is when a person needs to utilize the memory.
4 pages (1004 words) Essay
Reflection Aging
A person who does not go through these stages is considered to be experiencing abnormal aging (OConnor, 1994). .
1 pages (251 words) Essay
Got a tricky question? Receive an answer from students like you! Try us!