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Occupational Therapy Bachelor - Essay Example

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Occupational Therapy Bachelor

(2) Although dementia is associated with old age, this is not related to the normal signs of ageing or the usual forgetfulness of an old person.
The most common causes of dementia are Alzheimer's disease, vascular dementia, Dementia with lewy bodies and sometimes HIV dementia. Moreover, it can also be caused by vitamin deficiencies from poor nutrition, reaction to medicine and thyroid dysfunctions. Typically, a person with dementia develops an attitudinal change. They tend to be regularly confused and disoriented with their thoughts and surroundings. More often than not, the patient will be forgetful, have a problem with speech and language and has a lack of judgement causing slight accidents. Consequently, patients become neglectful of their personal hygiene and nutrition.
After being diagnosed with dementia, patients naturally suffer an emotional impact. The most common reason for this is denial and shame. Irritability, anxiety, forgetfulness and lack of direction are commonly observed behaviour of patients. They suffer from depression and involuntary bodily function symptoms such as withdrawal, anorexia and insomnia.
A disorganized sleeping pattern is a common dilemma in dementia. ...
For some, they may be asleep during the morning hours and wide awake for the rest of the evening when everybody else is asleep. Other patients have lesser activities during the day and needs little rest, causing them to wake up in late evenings. There is also a tendency of falling asleep too early and waking up too early. Sleeping problems may also be caused by the effect of sedatives given to the patient. Environment, whether it is an abrupt change of surroundings or room temperature will also cause sleeplessness for a person with dementia. For the problems with sleeping patterns, it is best to identify the causes of sleeplessness, to be able to solve the problem easier.
Since dementia is a progressive disease, it often results to patients needing 24/7 supervision. For families having one of their members afflicted with dementia, it becomes highly stressful and downright painful as the dementia worsens. That is why; families often opt to hire caregivers who are well trained in the field of occupational therapy if they can afford the services' fees.
For professional caregivers, it involves a lot of hard work and patience to take care of demented patients. Patients could be in a mood swing, in a disillusioned or confused state, simply wandering of, or having hallucinations.
Caring for demented patient is physically and emotionally stressful for the caregivers. The emotional impact of caring for a loved one with Alzheimer's disease or dementia is the hardest part for many caregivers, especially those who experienced fear of stigma and/or denial before the diagnosis. (3) Sometimes, the emotional attachment of a person with a loved one suffering from dementia is the main reason why diagnosis is delayed up to 6 years.
The change of ...Show more

Summary

Dementia is a gradual loss of memory. It is an effect when the parts of the brain that involves learning, memory, decision-making, and language are affected by any of various infections or diseases.(1) Normally, there is loss of mental ability and affects the complex motor skills of a person when the brain nerve cells died or is permanently damaged.
Author : broberts
Occupational Therapy Bachelor Essay essay example
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