StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

Jack Londons The Call of the Wild - Book Report/Review Example

Not dowloaded yet

Extract of sample
Jack Londons The Call of the Wild

Buck learned one of the most valuable lessons in his life which the narrator records as; 'The scene often came back to Buck to trouble him in his sleep. So that was the way. No fair play. Once down, that was the end of you. Well, he would see to it that he never went down.' (London 13). This is an allegory on Social Darwinism. Buck's survival depends on himself as his environment practices a system of laissez faire. He transforms to survive.
Buck learns to steal food to compensate for his meager rations. The narration says; ' It marked his adaptability, his capacity to adjust himself to changing conditions, the lack of which would have meant swift and terrible death. It marked, further, the decay or going to pieces of his moral nature, a vain thing and a handicap in the ruthless struggle for existence.'(London 16). Buck steals food from his species and man alike. It is his competition for survival. When Buck steals food from his fellow compatriots, he is competing within his society of dogs. Buck competes with the different society of man too. This illustrates Social Darwinism.
Buck retains his inherent genes which are unchanged with the passage of timeless generations. This is evidence that London supports neo-Darwinism. The narration says; 'They (the ancestors) quickened the old life within him, and the old tricks which they had stamped into the heredity of the breed were his tricks.' (London 17). However, London contradicts himself when he writes that; 'His (Buck's) newborn cunning gave him poise and control.'(London 17). Buck's newborn cunning has evolved by the process of Social Darwinism in responses to his social environment.
Buck shows his hereditary traits in the hunt for the snowshoe rabbit. The narration says; 'All that stirring of old instincts which at stated periods drives men out from the sounding cities to forest and plain to kill things by chemically propelled leaden pellets, the blood lust, the joy to kill--all this was Buck's, only it was infinitely more intimate.' (London 24). This supports neo-Darwinism because it says that the hereditary genes remain unchanged and the trait presents itself when the opportunity arises. When Buck and Spitz become engaged in a final fight, Buck 'seemed to remember it all,--the white woods, and
earth, and moonlight, and the thrill of battle. Over the whiteness and silence brooded a ghostly calm.'(London 25). It is like a feeling of dj vu for Buck. The memory flashback came from Curly's death. Buck is determined to overcome his arch enemy and he does.
Buck's ancestor was a wolf-like creature. Neo-Lamarckism would suggest that the dog's wild ancestor experienced changes after rehabilitation with humans and this dog then passed down its changes by natural selection. Buck is accustomed to his work and takes pride working with man and dogs. When Spitz is eliminated, the men choose Sol-leks to be the leader but Buck refuses to let the sled run. The narrative says; 'But Buck was in open revolt. He wanted, not to escape a clubbing, but to have the leadership. It was his by right. He had earned it, and he would not be content with less.' (London 27). This shows that Buck's civilized pride encourages him to serve man. Spitz is Buck's ...Show more

Summary

The Call of the Wild was written by Jack London in 1903. It is presented as a story on Social Darwinism, showing Buck's evolution of biological traits by natural selection being applied when he is placed into the environment where the physical struggle of the fittest to survive is superseded with the internal struggle for power, leadership and respect…
Author : arloabbott
Jack Londons The Call of the Wild essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the book report/review on your topic
"Jack Londons The Call of the Wild"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Related Essays

The Wild Boy from Aveyron
Another strange thing with the child is that he could not walk and was illiterate; therefore, could not write nor read. The story was written many years around 1798 and is still popular globally as people still love reading the book. The compatriots who found the boy took him to their residence where they lived.
3 pages (750 words) Book Report/Review
Jack Beechings The Chinese Opium Wars
Jack Beeching’s The Chinese Opium Wars (published in 1975 by Harcourt Brace Jovanovich Publishers in New York) is a historical account of the Opium Wars between the Chinese and the British due to an unprecedented dispute over trade relations of the mentioned nations.
3 pages (750 words) Book Report/Review
In The Belly of The Best by Jack Henry Abbott
Abbott is a criminal by profession, whose crimes usually involve thefts forgery and frauds etc. when arrested and convicted for 25 years after stabbing a waiter in the restaurant abbot was sent to a jail. Abbot in his letters explains how the US prison system has totally failed in the process of rehabilitation.
3 pages (750 words) Book Report/Review
Jack Londons To Build a Fire Book Report/Review
Not heeding advice of experienced men and above all underestimating the extreme forces of nature and a lone man's vulnerability in the face of the Alaskan winter, the traveler's bravado costs him his life. On eventually realizing that he would not make it alive to the camp, the traveler checks himself from panicking and running around like a headless chicken.
2 pages (500 words) Book Report/Review
Critique Essay on Into The Wild
In other words, it is the astounding story of an individual who wished to be close to nature but took the wrong path which cost him his own life. The protagonist in the story is presented as spiritually ill who crosses out on his own, provoked by a need to make a new life for himself.
2 pages (500 words) Book Report/Review
Jack Kerouacs On the Road
In the cities, meanwhile, the number of destitute persons forced to stay overnight in privately run shelters or police station "tramp rooms" increased, while those who were not completely penniless sought accommodations in cheap lodging house districts like the Bowery in New York.
8 pages (2000 words) Book Report/Review
Common Sense Using Book Into the Wild by Jon Krakauer
To avoid, fix or solve these daily life problems, it is very important for any individual to use common sense at a regular basis. Common sense is just like other senses of the human body. Common sense exists in the thoughts and views of an individual instead of physical appearance.
6 pages (1500 words) Book Report/Review
On the Road by Jack Kerouac
Jack Kerouac came up with the phrase "Beat generation" and he was well known both positively as well as negatively as a "beatnik" writer for the majority of his short but productive career. Response to "On the Road" has been fairly miscellaneous; the novel has been called the whole lot from disjointed nonsense to pure genius.
10 pages (2500 words) Book Report/Review
Into the Wild by Jon Krakauer
Krakauer's account explains what drove the young man to embark on the adventure. By coming to Alaska, "McCandless yearned to wander uncharted country, to find a blank spot on the map. [] In 1992, however, there were no more blank spots on the map-not in Alaska, not anywhere.
5 pages (1250 words) Book Report/Review
Get a custom paper written
by a pro under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
YOUR PRIZE:
Apply my DISCOUNT
Comments (0)
Rate this paper:
Thank you! Your comment has been sent and will be posted after moderation