Jack Londons "The Call of the Wild"

Book Report/Review
Pages 4 (1004 words)
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The Call of the Wild was written by Jack London in 1903. It is presented as a story on Social Darwinism, showing Buck's evolution of biological traits by natural selection being applied when he is placed into the environment where the physical struggle of the fittest to survive is superseded with the internal struggle for power, leadership and respect.


Buck learned one of the most valuable lessons in his life which the narrator records as; 'The scene often came back to Buck to trouble him in his sleep. So that was the way. No fair play. Once down, that was the end of you. Well, he would see to it that he never went down.' (London 13). This is an allegory on Social Darwinism. Buck's survival depends on himself as his environment practices a system of laissez faire. He transforms to survive.
Buck learns to steal food to compensate for his meager rations. The narration says; ' It marked his adaptability, his capacity to adjust himself to changing conditions, the lack of which would have meant swift and terrible death. It marked, further, the decay or going to pieces of his moral nature, a vain thing and a handicap in the ruthless struggle for existence.'(London 16). Buck steals food from his species and man alike. It is his competition for survival. When Buck steals food from his fellow compatriots, he is competing within his society of dogs. Buck competes with the different society of man too. This illustrates Social Darwinism.
Buck retains his inherent genes which are unchanged with the passage of timeless generations. This is evidence that London supports neo-Darwinism. ...
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