combined information from ten different research projects in the UK, provided in a table
indicating the project name, statistics provided, and date published. In 'Knife Crime' A Review
of Evidence and Policy, Eades, Crimshaw, Silvestri and Solomon provide more in-depth
information specifically involving knife crime, as opposed to knife crime as a subset of violent
crime or crime committed with weapons, as in the former article. The latter also discusses how
or changes in policy have affected or are thought to have affected the statistics of knife crime
committed by youth in the UK.
Marshall, et al (2005) suggest that most violent crime committed by youth, including those
committed with use of a firearm or knife, are gang-related. However, the authors find it difficult
to provide an acceptable universal definition of the term gang. They also suggest that knife
crime does not occur in schools and that "knife carrying is thought to be more common in youth
clubs that in schools, due to schools offering some kind of protection" (p. 13). This is the
opposite finding of Eades, et al. (2007) who claim that when children were surveyed about why
they carry knives to school, the most frequent response was "for protection" (p.21). As children
were not directly interviewed in the report statistics provided by the former authors, it is entirely
more believable that children do feel threatened, depending on how much violence is likely to
occur at school. There is also the consideration that many children must take themselves to an
from school, where they may be likely to become victims of crime.
In fact, Marshall, et al. (2005) state that "Practitioners suggest that some young people carry
knives with the knowledge and even...
Eades, C., Grimshaw, R., Silvestri, A. & Solomon, E. (2007). Knife Crime: A Review of Evidence and Policy, 2nd ed. Pp 1-28. Center for Crime and Justice Studies. Retrieved March 9, 2007 from http://www.crimeandjustice.org.
Marshall, B., Webb, B. & Tilley, N. (2005) Rationalization of Current Research on Guns, Gangs and Other Weapons: Phase 1. Pp 1-17. Jill Dando Institute of Crime Science, University College London. Retrieved March 9, 2009 from http://www.knifecrimes.org.