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# GDP - Essay Example

## Extract of sample GDP

increases real GDP demanded, and an increase in net taxes decreases real GDP

demanded, other things remain constant.

4) Give short definitions of both the IS and LM curves and briefly explain how this model can help economists understand the interaction between the goods and money markets. Show how the IS and LM curves can be derived and explain how equilibrium is reached.

The IS curve describes the combination of interest rates and output that clear the goods

and services market in the short run. The goods and services market is said to clear when

spending by consumers, firms, the government (and foreigners if an open economy) on

goods and services equals the production of goods and services. The basic equation for

the IS curve in a closed economy is closely related to the national income accounting

identity Y = C+I+G, where Y is GDP

The LM curve summarizes all the combinations of income and interest rates that equate

money demand and money supply. The LM curve in conjunction with the IS curve will

help pin down the interest rate in the economy.

It is well known that establishing the elasticity of the IS and LM curves

provides basic information about the predicted outcome of fiscal and monetary policies in

a given model, with a combination of inelastic LM and elastic IS implying fiscal

crowding out and potent monetary policy, whereas elastic LM and inelastic IS lead to

potent fiscal and weak monetary effects. Estimation of these locuses

5) Distinguish between monetary base and broad money. Explain what role commercial banks have in the creation of broad money. What implications does this have for monetary control

The monetary base consists of the liabilities of central bank of a country which...
Show how the IS and LM curves can be derived and explain how equilibrium is reached.
6) Distinguish between different kinds of unemployment. What kind of unemployment can be reduced by supply side policies and what specifically could those policies be Use a diagram to explain these policies
1) Using the Keynesian model of injections and withdrawals in the goods market, explain what happens if people decides to save more at any level of income. Make sure you express the process of adjustment and assess what implications the results may have for policy. ...Show more

## Summary

3) What is fiscal policy Using the income expenditure model, explain the effect of an increase in government spending on real output. What factors or possible problems should a government bear in mind when devising an expansionary fiscal policy
4) Give short definitions of both the IS and LM curves and briefly explain how this model can help economists understand the interaction between the goods and money markets…
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