Bartleby the Scrivener was written by Herman Melville in 1853. This essay explores the ways in which Bartleby the Scrivener can be examined using the critical perspectives of formalism, transcendentalism, existentialism and absurdist in literature.
The formalist perspective uses critical analysis to examine the structure for meanings in Bartleby the Scrivener.
The irony of Bartleby's death remains when the capitalist does not understand the true nature of Bartleby and what causes him to kill himself. This essay uses the formalist approach to examine the structure of the text using various critical theories to analyze Bartleby the Scrivener.
Bartleby is an abstract and this confronts his boss as the boss himself is guilty of abstract behavior, being absorbed by the cold, materialistic world of Wall Street and legal affairs. The narrator and boss is somewhat successfully converted by Bartleby and this makes Bartleby a hero because he has sacrificed himself for the sake of another man. The narrator's transformation shows in this; '"Good-bye, Bartleby; I am going - good-bye, and God some way bless you; and take that," slipping something in his hand. But it dropped upon the floor, and then, - strange to say - I tore myself from him whom I had so longed to be rid of.' (Melville 30).
The transcendental philosophy suggests that Bartleby might be a victim of the class struggle in the Marxist idealist's capitalist industrialization. ...