Abstract: Franklin Roosevelt's foreign policy was heavily influenced by the domestic and foreign issues of the 1930s. The Great Depression at home and the rise of fascism abroad forced FDR to use creative strategies to accomplish his foreign policy goals.
Fascism and Benito Mussolini arose in Italy, and Adolph Hitler and the Nazi party took over Germany. Civil war broke out in Spain, and militarists gained control of Japan. The futile League of Nations stood by as nationalism and aggression grew. For Franklin Roosevelt, these international conflicts, as well as economic problems at home, would prove to be serious obstacles as he tried to implement his foreign policy.
In 1928, the US joined 62 other nations in signing the Kellogg - Briand Pact. This agreement declared the war could not be used "as an instrument of national policy." But it did not have any way to punish countries that broke their promise.1 Americans were greatly alarmed by the international conflicts of Roosevelt's presidency. But they generally believed that the United States should stay isolated from those conflicts. Isolationism in America grew steadily throughout the 1930s with many books offering claims that the US had been dragged into World War I by arms manufacturers and bankers at home, who wanted the chance to make a profit. A committee led by North Dakota Senator Gerald Nye found that banks and manufacturers had made large profits during the war, and public furor grew.2 After the horrible losses of World War I, Americans became staunchly determined to avoid going to war.
Moreover, America had serious problems at home with...
This growing isolationism had a huge impact on Roosevelt's foreign policy. Early in his presidency, he demonstrated his diplomatic ability by reaching out to the Soviet Union and continuing a policy of non-intervention in Latin America. He encouraged Congress to pass the Reciprocal Trade Agreement Act in 1934, lowering trade barriers and giving the president the power to make trade agreements with other nations.3
Beginning in 1935, in response to fighting in Spain and elsewhere, Congress created the Neutrality Acts, designed to outlaw arms sales or loans to countries at war. Although Congress worked hard to maintain neutrality, it soon became impossible to avoid the conflicts across the ocean. Roosevelt found creative ways to implement his foreign policy despite the wishes of Congress. In 1937, Japan launched a new attack on China. Roosevelt declared that, since Japan had not formally declared war against China, there was no need to enforce the Neutrality Acts. This allowed the US to support China by sending arms and supplies.4
Later that year, Roosevelt spoke in Chicago. In one of his best-known speeches, he called on nations of the world to quarantine or isolate aggressive nations like Japan and Germany to stop the spread of war. The quarantine speech declared that 10% of the nations of the world were threatening international chaos. He called for the remaining peace-loving nations to stand against them "to preserve peace."5
It looked like this speech would be the beginning of Roosevelt's stand against aggression. But isolationist newspapers lambasted him, causing him to retreat. Roosevelt, a shrewd politician, knew that any risky foreign policy decisions would jeopardize badly ...
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(“Roosevelt Politics Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 words”, n.d.)
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(Roosevelt Politics Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 Words)
“Roosevelt Politics Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/miscellaneous/304624-roosevelt-politics.
Yet, his fame is not just limited to his accomplishments while in office. Theodore Roosevelt, or ‘Teedie’ as he was nicknamed, is equally admired for his exploits as a naturalist, author, explorer, hunter, rancher, and soldier. Roosevelt describes his childhood self as a “sickly, delicate boy”, who suffered “much from asthma”, and who frequently had to be taken on trips to places where he could breathe (20).
Far from the socialite beauty that her mother was, Eleanor Roosevelt showed a more serious and social-interest active side. The essay explores important aspects and events of her life that affected her identity and achievements in life. Eleanor Roosevelt’s relationships with her parents and husband, as well as her education and socio-civic activities, helped her to become an independent and compassionate political activist for the underprivileged.
This alignment might seem paradoxical in view of the fact that Roosevelt, Newlands, and the other conservationists often stressed the need for immersion in and devotion to the industrial order. Perhaps they realized that the standard nineteenth-century platitudes which held up the virtues of a small-business, small-town, individualistic society would strike a responsive chord in the hearts of constituents, particularly those from the West.
Like Thomas Jefferson before, Roosevelt was much more than a politician; more particularly, he was a man of many and varied interests. He was interested in politics, in nature, in the environment, and in all of the social and environmental diversity which constituted his young and growing nation.
She was instrumental in creating greater public awareness of the plight of the victims of the depression. She fought for greater rights for women and other minority groups. In addition she was a pivotal figure in the solidification of the Allied resolve during World War II.
One of his favorite proverbs was "Speak softly and carry a big stick." By this he meant to emphasize the fact that "we must raise others while we are benefiting ourselves." He also once said, "The duties of the citizen of the United States to his neighbor was not more important, than the duties of the United States as a nation to the other nations of the earth." Roosevelt considered helping the underdeveloped nations move forward the duty of the more developed countries for which he gained international praise in the shape of the Nobel Peace Prize.
Roosevelt, but she was much more than a simple gracious hostess. As first lady from 1933 to 1945, Eleanor Roosevelt was a famous supporter of her husband’s New Deal policies through the Great Depression and continued to support
FDR possessed many gifts and skills that he comprehensively utilized in his political life. FDR possessed an insatiable curiosity and a thirst about knowledge that combined his capacity in absorbing facts
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