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Gestalt Therapy: A critical analysis - Essay Example

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Gestalt Therapy: A critical analysis

This basically refers to the tendency of the aware self of a person to consider any situation in the global context. The prtinciple originates from the assumption that the human self is prone to consider both the physical and mentaal aspects of any situation in regard to the context.
Principle of psychophysical isomorphism : A correlation exists between conscious experience and cerebral activity. This refers to the individual's mental capacity to make judgements based on conscious experience. Thus the principle of psychologhical isomorphism rests on the totslity princple.
Principle/ Law of Pragnaz: This law states that individuals try to experience things in as good a gestalt way as possible. In this sense, "good" can mean several things, such as regular, orderly, simplistic and symmetrical (Taylor, 1983).
Law of Closure: This law further clarifies the principle of totaality. It merely states that the human minsd fills in missing gapos of any situation to make it whole. In short, it means that human minds tend to simplify things and situations by filling in gaps to percieve them as complete.
Law of Similarity: Brown in 1997 stated that a primary compomnent of Gestalt psychology lay in the...
This means that human minds find it simpler to understand a situation when they classify objects or situations on the basis of color, shape, size, role, function and speed.
Law of Proximity: Human minds are prone to perceiving objects and situations as 'belonging together' (Brown, 1997). This refers to the inclination of the human mind to categorize things and viewing them in proximity to each other i.e. belonging to each other.
Law of Symmetry: This law refers to the tendency of the human mind to club symmetrical things together.
Law of Continuity: This law states that the human mind is prone to viewing and understanding objects/ situations in a pattern. If the mind perceives a cause and effect pattern in one situation, it is more prone to perceive another situation on the lines of a similar pattern.
Law of Common Fate: Human minds are inclined to perceive objects moving in the same direction as a single unit. The brain has a tendency to group objects moving in the same line, direction or curve as one unit.
Gestalt therapy is not technically an offshoot of Gestalt psychology. The therapy does borrow a few basic concepts and themes from the psychological root. Gestalt therapy is simply described as a psychotherapy which focuses on here-and-now experience and personal responsibility. It was co-founded by Fritz Perls, Laura Perls and Paul Goodman in the 1940s-1950s.
The objective of Gestalt Therapy, in addition to helping the client overcome symptoms, is to enable the her-him to become more fully and creatively alive and to be free from the blocks and unfinished issues which may diminish optimum satisfaction, fulfillment, and growth (Buber, 1970; Crocker, 1999; Goodman, 1951/1994. The ...Show more


Gestalt psychology is a theory of mind and brain that proposes that the operational principle of the brain is holistic, parallel, and analog, with self-organizing tendencies. The classic Gestalt example is a soap bubble, whose spherical shape not defined by a rigid template, or a mathematical formula, but rather it emerges spontaneously by the parallel action of surface tension acting at all points in the surface simultaneously (Naranjo, 1963)…
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