On the next stage the pharmacist dispenses the drugs according to the doctors prescription. The duty of the nurse is to administer the drugs to the patient, which depends on the dosage and the amount, prescribed by the doctor and eventually the patient consumes the medicine. According to the above stages, medication error may occur at any stage, which may cause the effect to the patient.
In Australia, medication errors are a considerable problem that has drawn attention of all stakeholders and the government at large. The negative impact of medication errors has therefore been taken seriously in order to improve the current situations. Sharrock J and Happell B.
(2000) Argues that medication being a sensitive activity requires efficiency and sober knowledge to achieve the target, which in this case is saving life and helping the patient regain normal health. According to Whyte S. (2000) Medication errors in Australia has reached a critical stage with a reasonable percentage of patients suffering more resulting to a complex situation due to permanent disabilities or even death which has a negative impact o the society. Statistics also indicate that approximately 20 percent out of the total drugs administered to the patient in Australia results to medication error (Santamaria N. 2000.). Percentage of the wrong drug, which is administered to the wrong person, is 12 % and wrong dosage is 7 %. In every year an approximate 2,324 adverse medical events cases in Australia do occur. (Manias E. 2000.).
According to the statistics in Australia circumstances where the patients fail to follow the correct dosage as per the physician prescription amounts to 5-8% of the total patients treated per day (Kozer E, Scolnik, Macpherson A., 2002). Several cases pertaining to the wrong reason while administering the drugs have been happening although exact figure has not been registered.
Medication error in Australia has been also been related to the cases of the patient or the nurse overlooking an allergy which can have some consequences to the patient. According to the statistics these cases in Australia have been averaged as 5% of the total errors reported in the year 2000 (Manias E and Street A. 2000). In some other cases the patient might have allergy, which may not be able to interfere with the medication.
Several cases that pertain to wrong documentation that result in the medication error or that may hinder the establishment of the errors that have been made. According to the statistics of documentation in hospitals out of 100 records around 5 -7 documents are found to be wrongly documented with Information that are inaccurate (Grindlay A, Santamaria N and Kitt S. 2000). . This means that Approximately 5%-7% of the documents may cause medication errors.
This statistics therefore indicate that the medication errors in Australia have considerably affected the nation and society at large.
Risk Factors of Medication errors.
Medication errors are attributed to various factors, which may be categorized