Medication error can be referred to as circumstances that lead to a patient taking wrong medication, wrong dose or even taking the drugs at the wrong time, which may result to unexpected effects to the patient. In some circumstances the patient may omit the drugs at Specified time or even Continue taking drugs which have already been stopped by the doctor which may also contribute to the medication error.
On the next stage the pharmacist dispenses the drugs according to the doctors prescription. The duty of the nurse is to administer the drugs to the patient, which depends on the dosage and the amount, prescribed by the doctor and eventually the patient consumes the medicine. According to the above stages, medication error may occur at any stage, which may cause the effect to the patient.
In Australia, medication errors are a considerable problem that has drawn attention of all stakeholders and the government at large. The negative impact of medication errors has therefore been taken seriously in order to improve the current situations. Sharrock J and Happell B.
(2000) Argues that medication being a sensitive activity requires efficiency and sober knowledge to achieve the target, which in this case is saving life and helping the patient regain normal health. According to Whyte S. (2000) Medication errors in Australia has reached a critical stage with a reasonable percentage of patients suffering more resulting to a complex situation due to permanent disabilities or even death which has a negative impact o the society. Statistics also indicate that approximately 20 percent out of the total drugs administered to the patient in Australia results to medication error (Santamaria N. 2000.). Percentage of the wrong drug, which is administered to the wrong person, is 12 % and wrong dosage is 7 %. In every year an approximate 2,324 adverse medical events cases in Australia do occur. (Manias E. 2000.).
According to the statistics in Australia circumstances where the patients fail to follow the correct dosage as per the physician prescription amounts to 5-8% of the total patients treated per day (Kozer E, Scolnik, Macpherson A., 2002). Several cases pertaining to the wrong reason while administering the drugs have been happening although exact figure has not been registered.
Medication error in Australia has been also been related to the cases of the patient or the nurse overlooking an allergy which can have some consequences to the patient. According to the statistics these cases in Australia have been averaged as 5% of the total errors reported in the year 2000 (Manias E and Street A. 2000). In some other cases the patient might have allergy, which may not be able to interfere with the medication.
Several cases that pertain to wrong documentation that result in the medication error or that may hinder the establishment of the errors that have been made. According to the statistics of documentation in hospitals out of 100 records around 5 -7 documents are found to be wrongly documented with Information that are inaccurate (Grindlay A, Santamaria N and Kitt S. 2000). . This means that Approximately 5%-7% of the documents may cause medication errors.
This statistics therefore indicate that the medication errors in Australia have considerably affected the nation and society at large.
Risk Factors of Medication errors.
Medication errors are attributed to various factors, which may be categorized ...
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Running Head: Medication Errors. Medication Errors Name: Course Title: Instructor’s Name: Institution: Date: Abstract There is a high prevalence of medication errors which result from a number of reasons such as wrong diagnosis, drug selection, prescription, transcription, labeling and packaging-just to mention but a few.
Traditionally, doctors were the only professionals involved in prescribing, but now, nurses and pharmacists are also involved in prescription other than just taking care of patients (Courtenary and Griffiths, 2010). Majority of medical errors occur during prescription stage and this can be avoided by the use of electronic prescribing.
This is a situation where either the drugs given are wrong or the procedure used contravenes the standard way of providing healthcare, which causes harm to the patient or even worse death. The most common medication errors are related with the administering of an incorrect dose of medicine largely due to wrongly understood prescription.
Medication errors involve failure to prescribe the appropriate therapeutic drug. In addition, they can also involve errors in the components and the synthesis of the drug. Medical errors can be broadly classified from a psychological perspective into mistakes and skill based errors.
While the financial and economic issues remain considerable, the professional issues are undeniable. Many healthcare professionals are involved in patient care since healthcare is essentially collaborative share of care involving physicians, nurses, pharmacists, and many other personnel.
As stated by Brailer (2005), the staffs and medical technology that go into American medicine may be the best in the world, but the care that comes out the other side is beset by enough mistakes to make medical error the third leading cause of death, behind heart disease
The organizations should establish policies of medication administration (Choo and Bucknall, 2010). Tasks can be adequately performed with the availability of sufficient personnel. To achieve this, reasonable working hours and workload levels should be established. Drug
This is a worrying trend that needs immediate attention if the health facility is to meet its objectives. In order to get back on the right track, the board needs to take drastic measures to remedy the situation. One such measure is to improve communication among the nurses, other employees, and the board.
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