In 1895, Shimonoseki mortifying treaty inflamed the anger of China's public. Students took an action against this agreement and around 600 young students signed a 'Ten Thousand Words Memorial' refusing Shimonoseki treaty and promoted institutional reform. Kang Youwei was the leader. Regardless of the official and traditional ban against the political grouping, young scholars shaped an organization called hsueh-hui to save the country. After 1895, many loyal societies of this type emerged. These societies were extended over the provinces and were struggling to save their homeland. Emperor Guangxu and Kang Youwei were brought together, as both had the same motive to save their homeland from the enemies and unfaithful leaders.1 At that time there was a great threat posed to the people and the country of China and to settle the situation they needed a revolution. China was lacking in every field i.e. of technology and education. Technology was outdated in China and to compete with the developing world there was a need to change and adapt the conditions of the developing world. In the late 18th century countries started demanding China of un-authorized benefits which they had to give to them as they were not strong enough to fight with them. The emperors did not take this matter seriously until 1898 when Emperor Guangxu realized the significance of this threat and took some precautionary measures in order to avoid any mishap which could occur. He was a man who realized that the country needed to adapt to the changing conditions of the world and leave behind the traditions and culture which limited them in progressing. On June 11, 1898 the Emperor finally decided to announce for a change in the country of China. This change was first welcomed by the masses and people of China. The emperor tried to implement policies of his own which gave a new way of progress to China. This article would further review about Hundred Day Reforms introduced by the emperor Guangxu.
Hundred Day Reforms of 1898
The emperor Guangxu wanted to see a change in the system of China and hence introduced The Hundred Day Reform in China. There is a belief that Kang Youwei played in important role in the forming up of the reforms. He is said to be the advisor the emperor who helped him to implement and structure the hundred day reforms. He decided to formulate some policies according to the environment of China and implement them accordingly. He was a man of a quick nature who wanted his policies to be accepted at the moment. At first the policies were welcomed and appraised by all but after a gap of time many factors started to affect the policies and the firmness of the emperor. The emperor wanted to see China on the way to progress and thus the policies made were of westernized standards. Kang He introduced reforms in the educational and military sectors which were of great importance to the country of China. The policies in the starting were successful to a limit but after a time due to other factors involved the graph began to drop down. At first many promotions were made to the military, educational and agricultural system which was largely applauded by the people of China. The emperor abolished the 'eight legged essay' which used to take place in Civil Services. This eight legged essay had a lot of requirements and needed a lot of practice. In order to get into the