This was characterized as the period of dispossession, physical ill treatment, social disruption, population decline, economic exploitation, codified discrimination and cultural devastation. (Gardiner- Garden, 1999). During the dispossession a law was implemented to remove the Aboriginal children (especially girls with light skins) from their parents. The removal was done to segregate the full bloods from the half castes. The children who were removed from their parents were given a cheap source of labour and facilitate the christianing of the indigenous population. The removal of a child from its parent is a violation of human right. Although the purpose of the European and the government is to give a better life for the children still it is not right to forcibly remove child from the custody of its aboriginal parents.The children which are forced to separate with their parents where taught with lies. They were being taught their culture are without value, their language are prohibited, they suffered physical harsh living conditions and experienced multiple institutional and/or foster placements. They think they were unwanted, rejected or that their parents were dead. Based on the reports, one in ten boys and just over one in ten girls allege they were sexually abused in children's institutions-and more abuse in foster placements. The effects and the trauma of the children will be brought to their next children and to their children's children.
In January 1991 Robert Tickner, Minister for Aboriginal Affairs, submitted a discussion paper entitled Aboriginal Reconciliation. The paper proposed the formation by legislation of a Council for Aboriginal Reconciliation to facilitate a process of reconciliation between Australia's indigenous and wider communities. In 1991 the Council for Aboriginal Reconciliation Bill 1991 was passed. Patrick Dodson chaired the council and was formally concluded in January 2001. The council's task is to consult widely to determine whether the process would be advanced by a formal document of reconciliation and if so a recommendation on the nature of such document will be forwarded.
The diversity in contemporary Australian Aboriginal children is seen during the time of the 19th century wherein the light colored child where remove from its group to become slaves, work or have a better future to their foster parent. The black aboriginal child has its right to stay with their parent. The differences in their color during the time of dispossession play an important role in the aboriginal. It's a form of racism during their time.
The main factors that contribute to the development of the identity of the Australian aboriginal are the increasing number of maltreatment, health problem and lack of education to most of the aboriginal. The children which are separated to their parent may have the opportunity to study but is also abuse and maltreated because of their origin. Health problem increases because of misinformation. Proper education is not given to them because of their location and culture. But due to its modern studies and updated information to the government the aboriginal where given proper attention to be able to developed their culture without destroying their beliefs.
There are several Australian child care centre strategies and resources that promote policies for the development of the aboriginal children. The policy that promotes positive attitudes towards Australian Aboriginal culture is the inclusion policy. This policy includes the inclusion of the aboriginal from the economic growth, citizenship and social capital. The aboriginal is now has the right to represent their group in any way. This policy