In other words, global security is a strategy, directed at providing the vitally important interests of the global community. This is the classical realistic approach to the issue. (Buzan 2003, p. 11)
It should be reminded, that from the viewpoint of political realism, international relations always exist in the shadow of the war. Thus, the main means of achieving and protecting international security in realism and neorealism is supposed to be force (in its military and political dimension) and the main instrument for guaranteeing international security - is the balance of forces. (Lawrence 1998, p. 49)
There also exists and is developed the understanding of the international security based on the liberal-idealistic paradigm. One of the central notions of this paradigm is the idea of international cooperation, based on universal values and general human interests. From these positions, the threat is presented by those participants of international relations, which refuse from cooperation and break the generally accepted moral and legislative norms. Collective security is the only way for overcoming the security dilemma, which goes through creation and strengthening of international institutions, further improvement of international law and following the generally accepted moral norms. (Buzan 2003, p. 44)
The notion of collective security is the main and the most operational in the total security complex. Collective security is the situation, under which all members of certain community refuse from applying force in relations with each other and agree to give any assistance to each participating state, which has been attacked by any state of the mentioned community.
International security at present time should meet a number of conditions, which are very difficult to accomplish. They may be divided into five groups, among which are: moral, legislative, institutional, system and situational. (Graham 2005, p. 3)
Moral principles refer to the rules of non-usage of force in the conflicts, which arise between the countries, as well as indivisibility of the world as the main state of international relations, together with the impartiality of the 'third party'.
Legislative conditions unite real powers of the General Assembly and the UNO Security Council, about following the UNO principles by all states, as well as the effectiveness of International Court's activity.
Institutional principles include strengthening and improvement of UNO's activity as the world security organization, its institutions and military forces as well, together with successful solution of peacemaking.
So, the main question is, whether the present concepts and actions in relation to the global security go far beyond simple military notions
The answer is, yes, they do, as for example, if we take NATO, which always asserts that it is more political, than military organization, the main aim of which is preventing and solution of crises, the fact remains that it is hardly adapted for participation in rescue and humanitarian operations in case of natural calamities and natural catastrophes, and not display any interest for such participation. (Graham 2005, p. 4)
Meanwhile, the biggest part of the modern challenges and threats to the international secur