StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

Canon Law & 8th Amendment - Essay Example

Not dowloaded yet

Extract of sample
Canon Law & 8th Amendment

Since the fourth century, the Roman Catholic Church has been developing regulations that have had some influence on secular (non-church-related) legal procedures. These regulations are called canons and are codified in the Code of Canon Law (in Latin, Codex juris canonici).
Canon law has its origins in ancient church writings, decisions made by the general councils of local bishops, and rulings issued by the pope. An Italian law teacher, Gratian, organized these ideas in the mid-twelfth century. He sorted the collection into religious law, penal law, sacramental law, and other categories. Along with a set of decisions by the pope called Decretals of Gregory IX, Gratian's work formed the main body of canon law for nearly eight hundred years. In 1917, Pope Benedict XV recodified (revised) the canons. Pope John Paul II reissued the Code of Canon Law in 1983-authorizing increased participation of laity in the church, recognizing the needs of disabled people, and making other changes. A related text, the Code of Canons of the Eastern Churches, was reissued by the Holy See (the seat of papal government) in 1990.
In the middle Ages, canon law was used in ecclesiastical (church) courts to decide many types of cases that in modern times are decided by civil courts, including criminal offenses. Crimes that were tried by the church included adultery, blasphemy, slander, heresy (opposition to official religious views), money lending, and gambling. -Of-faith cases concerning contracts, as well as inheritance and marriage-related cases.
Criminal trial procedures in medieval church courts were the source of some features that found their way into common law. Although witnesses were considered the best source of proof of a crime under canon law, suspected offenders could also be tried because of public fame (suspicion in the community that they had committed a crime). An inquest made up of twelve men-a forerunner of royal courts' grand juries-said under oath whether public suspicion existed. If none did, then a judge had no authority to proceed. After establishing public fame, the court's next step was canonical purgation, in which the accused person swore an oath that she or he was innocent. Proof of innocence was accomplished by compurgation, in which several oath helpers would swear that they believed the oath was true. People who objected to the purgation of an accused person had the chance to prove their accusation of guilt.
The use of canon law in governmental decisions is not well documented. In the early fifteenth century, commissions of the English Parliament made use of canonical procedures and canon law experts to decide issues involving laws of war, diplomacy, and other questions. For example, Parliament's justification for deposing King Richard II seems to have been based on papal bulls (decrees).
In modern times, the creation, interpretation, and use of the canons closely resemble those of secular law. The Episcopal Conference of Local Bishops and the National Conference of Catholic Bishops are voting bodies that set policy for the church. When policy has been codified, it is used by judges in Catholic tribunals in determining whether certain practices or requests are acceptable according to the canons. (Catholic tribunals make up the Church's own court system, which interprets canonical policy to resolve questions of church practice.) Case law (previous ...Show more

Summary

Canon Law is the body of officially established rules governing the faith and practice of the members of a Christian church. Any church's or religion's laws, rules, and regulations; more commonly, the written policies that guide the administration and religious ceremonies of the Roman Catholic Church is the Canon Law.
Author : camylle97
Canon Law & 8th Amendment essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"Canon Law & 8th Amendment"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Related Essays

First Amendment
This is a common misconception. Some people think they have the right to say whatever they want to or about whomever they choose without fear of legal retribution. This is not true. The First Amendment defines freedom for the U.S. separating it from many other nations that do not allow free speech but not all speech is protected, an important distinction among other aspects of speech this discussion will investigate.
3 pages (750 words) Essay
First Amendment Hypothetical (LAW & ETHICS OF DIGITAL MEDIA)
This can be said to be the main issue that the courts will deal with as they try to determine whether Mr. White’s actions fall under free speech and the boundaries that have been set for it. Once in trial, the defense will no doubt attempt to argue that the accused was just practicing his right of freedom of expression and simply offering his opinion on a subject to those who would listen to him thus he has done no wrong (Rosen).
3 pages (750 words) Essay
Shostakovich 8th String Quartet
In the West he was seen first as an anti-fascist hero, then as a Soviet toady, and later as a dissident. To critics and musicians he was either a keeper of the symphonic flame or a clumsy provincial who was debasing musical values. To our author he is not only the greatest Soviet composer but the greatest Soviet artist of all, and the creator of what may turn out to be the twentieth century's most precious artistic legacy--precisely because his music can never be fully understood." (Taruskin, 1995)
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
Poor Law Amendment Act of 1834
245). The creation of balance in the society has been the main aim of this particular law, but as the specifications of its implications suggest a massive change in the society's set up, debates run into criticism over the strength and applicability of this particular law.
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
Capital Punishment: Is it Cruel and Unusual Punishment according to the 8th Amendment of the United States Constitution
Most legal experts agree that punishments including bodily dismemberment or torture are undoubtedly classified as cruel. Again, terminologies are open to interpretation as evidenced by the current debate at the highest level of government involving the definition
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
Strategic planning at Canon
2. Debate whether companies outside this industry sector can draw any useful lessons from the strategies used by Canon in this industry. Provide examples of strategic areas that might be of interest to other industries and any
8 pages (2000 words) Essay
Canon Case Study
According to Andrew (1997:52), corporate strategy is the pattern of decisions that guide an organisation’s activities to reveal the principal objectives purposes and resources. In other words it refers to the range of
8 pages (2000 words) Essay
Combine 7th and 8th Grades Canon Elementary School District #50
,” “family groupings,” “multi-grade,” and “looping classrooms” where the first actually connotes a negative perception about combining grades. The term “split grade” to actually state that the teacher’s attention is ‘split’ because there are different
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
15 Amendment
Since its conception, though, it has been expanded to include other differences found among the human race so that every legal individual has the right to vote.
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
6TH AMENDMENT REGARDING LAW ENFORCEMENT
also to be informed of the reasons and nature of accusations, obtain witnesses, get the services of a counsel and the prosecution should produce witnesses for their case. These are fundamental rights and as such the 14th amendment through the clause of due process applies them
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Get a custom paper written
by a pro under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
YOUR PRIZE:
Apply my DISCOUNT
Comments (0)
Rate this paper:
Thank you! Your comment has been sent and will be posted after moderation