ethical perspective of a global issue

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Human cloning in its most basic state is the creating a human being. It is also called human reproductive cloning. The physician and essayist Lewis Thomas commented: "The cloning of human beings is on most of the lists of things to worry about from science, along with behavior-control, genetic engineering, transplanted heads, computer poetry, and the unrestrained growth of plastic flowers." (Notes of a biology watcher: on cloning a human being…

Introduction


The possibility of human cloning was raised when Scottish scientists at Roslin Institute created the much-celebrated sheep "Dolly" (Lauritzen 57-64). Dolly aroused worldwide interest and concern because of the scientific and ethical implications in creating her. The feat, cited by Science magazine as the breakthrough of 1997, also generated uncertainty over the meaning of "cloning" --an umbrella term traditionally used by scientists to describe different processes for duplicating biological material. (Murray, 41) When the media report on cloning in the news, they are usually talking about only one type called reproductive cloning. There are different types of cloning however, and cloning technologies can be used for other purposes besides producing the genetic twin of another organism. A basic understanding of the different types of cloning is key to taking an informed stance on current public policy issues and making the best possible personal decisions. (Murray, 41)
The following three types of cloning technologies are the most progressive: (1) recombinant DNA technology or DNA cloning, (2) reproductive cloning, and (3) therapeutic cloning. ...
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