The purpose of this document is to support the pro-life arguments for protecting the life of child rather than pro-choice arguments for moral permissibility of abortion based on Thomson's analogies.
Thomson applies series of analogies to prove pro-abortion arguments considering violinist scenario as base for all the relationship. The core arguments of Thomson include three fundamental premises. The first premise emphasizes the moral permissibility of abortion to protect the life of women. The second premise argues for morality of abortion even if fetus is given the status of fully evolved person. Her third premise finds the activist supporting the pro-life arguments are based on false premises. The derivation of third premise brings the conclusion that nullifies the validity of every argument against abortion. She observes that there are no other cases like pregnancy. This is why she creates the violinist analogy to provide a similar kind of case even though she agrees that any such comparison is bizarre. I will analyze the reflection of Thomson's point of view at the various stages to develop my arguments. I will also do meta-analysis of analogies applied by Thomson in which she defends the case of abortion through counter-example instead of making positive points by providing supportive examples. The following section digs into the arguments of Thomson to challenge the assumptions in the examples for abortion debate.
The philosopher Judith Jarvis Thomson advocates the argument for rights of women in 'A Defense of Abortion'. I have selected MIT philosopher's landmark paper for discussion on the morality of abortion. I aim to understand Thomson's strategy based on the core structure of her arguments to apply the conclusion for broader aspect of moral obligations.
Quote/Paraphrase and Document
Thomson's hypothetical scenario of violinist analogy in her words, "You wake up in the morning and find yourself back to back in bed with an unconscious violinist. A famous unconscious violinist. He has been found to have a fatal kidney ailment, and the Society of Music Lovers has canvassed all the available medical records and found that you alone have the right blood type to help. They have therefore kidnapped you, and last night the violinist's circulatory system was plugged into yours, so that your kidneys can be used to extract poisons from his blood as well as your own. The director of the hospital now tells you, 'Look, we're sorry the Society of Music Lovers did this to you-we would never have permitted it if we had known. But still, they did it, and the violinist now is plugged into you. To unplug you would be to kill him. But never mind, it's only for nine months. By then he will have recovered from his ailment, and can safely be unplugged from you'.
The main points of above Violinist analogy includes following observation:
1. You, the violinist and the Fetus are innocent parties.
2. The fetus and violinist will die if you disconnect
3. The fetus and violinist will live if you stay connected for 9 months
4. It is assumed no harm will come to you.
Thomson argues in favor of