StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

The history of Ottoman empire - Essay Example

Not dowloaded yet

Extract of sample
The history of Ottoman empire

The Empire was founded by Osman I. In 1453, following its capture from the Byzantine Empire, Constantinople, modern stanbul, became the new capital of the Ottoman Empire under the name 'Kostantiniye'. In the 16th and 17th centuries, the Ottoman Empire was among the world's most powerful political entities, with the powers of eastern Europe constantly threatened by its steady advance through the Balkans and the southern part of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Its navy was a powerful force in the Mediterranean. On several occasions it even invaded central Europe, sieging Vienna, in its attempts to conquer the Habsburg domain, and was only repulsed by coalitions of European powers.
In this period, the discussions among the elites of Ottomans on how to organize a new state constitute the most important detail. The location of this movement gave it access to many different cultures and experiences. Given the historical facts of other great empires, Ottoman elites believed that the power of the sword was not enough to build and maintain a powerful state. Swords must be wielded by men. It was important to find strong and capable men and bind them together in willing cooperation to conquer large sections of Europe, Asia, and Africa. It was also important to organize and govern their conquests in a fairly satisfactory fashion, and to establish a structure which would take great effort to dismantle. Ottoman elites gave precedence to the political ideas that constituted the life of the empire, which became their ruling institution. Only with these ideas was it possible to attract a great body of men from many directions and races and unite them in a common effort. The ideas and culture that were shaped during this period took three hundred years to decay and be destroyed. While it is arguable the empire had injustice, violence and destructive forces involved in the development of its structures, these must be considered within the context of their eight centuries of history, during which Turks began to drift southwestward away from the declining Saracen Empire
Even though the Ottoman state existed before Osman I, he is regarded as the founder of the Empire, having given it its name and being the first bey to declare his independence. He extended the frontiers of the empire towards the Byzantine Empire, while other Turkish beyliks suffered from infighting. Under Osman I, the Ottoman capital moved to Bursa. He published the first coin under his name, demonstrating the trust he built.
The economical structure of the Empire was defined by the geopolitical structure. The Ottoman Empire stood in between West and East, thus blocking the route eastward forcing Spanish and Portuguese navigators set out in search of a new route to the Orient. The Empire was holding the same path that Marco Polo once used. Ottoman studies imply that the change in politics between Ottomans and Central Europe did depend on the opening of the new sea routes. It is also possible to see the decay of the Ottoman Empire by tracing the loss of significance of the land routes. Decay is a very relative term, in reality while central Europe is moving forward, Ottoman were holding on to their traditions. The pragmatic thinking of Ottomans that once helped to reform the systems left behind by Roman Empire was once again giving out the same signs ...Show more

Summary

The Ottoman empire was an imperial state that existed from 1299 to 1922. At the height of its power in the 16th century, it included Anatolia, the Middle East, parts of North Africa, and much of south-eastern Europe to the Caucasus. It comprised an area of about 5.6 million km squared, though it controlled a much larger area through indirect rule in adjoining areas dominated mainly by nomadic tribes…
Author : gennaro19
The history of Ottoman empire essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"The history of Ottoman empire"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Related Essays

History: Ottoman Empire
Ottoman values and norms surfaced and evolved throughout the existence of the Empire. They survive until now; influencing many facets of current Turkish society (Mansel 1996, 43). This paper provides an overview of the cultural, intellectual, scientific, and political realities of the period and the dynasty.
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire: A Comparison of government and administration, military strength and economy between the golden age and in the decline. Introduction The Ottoman Empire is one of the longest and largest empires of the world. It was founded in 1299 by the ruler, Osman I, by whose name the word ‘Ottoman’ is emerged, and lasted up to 1923 with establishment of the Republic of Turkey.
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Major External Threats to the Ottoman Empire
Major External Threats to the Ottoman Empire. The term, Ottoman Empire historically refers to Turkey or the Turkish Empire. It is also referred to as the Ottoman Turkish, to denote a state that the Turkish tribes founded in 1299, in the north-western Anatolia, under the leadership of Osman Bey.
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
The Decline of the Ottoman Empire
They spread their wings across major parts of Asia, parts of Europe, and traces of Africa came under their control as well. However despite its grandeur and grandiose the Empire suffered a gradual decline. The decline took place over a period of couple of centuries.
7 pages (1750 words) Essay
Colonialism. Ottoman Empire
The essay shall chart different parts of the empire, with the rise of the empire, the consolidation period and eventually the decline of the empire. The essay shall also focus on colonialism and how it has impacted the world history throughout the ages. Since it has two broad lines consisting of colonialism and Ottoman empire, the ideas is to trace the history of the Ottoman empire and link it with colonialism, thus trying to understand the impact of colonialism through the example of the Ottoman empire.
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
Ottoman Empire
One of the major impacts on the growth of the economy of the Ottoman Empire was the discovery and exploitation of the New World (America) by the European states, which damaged the economy as a result of inflation, caused by the inflow of gold, silver, and other precious metals.
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Ottoman Empire
This paper provides an overview of the cultural, intellectual, scientific, and political realities of the period and the dynasty. It basically explores the Ottoman legacy. The Ottoman Empire was established at the latter part
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
The successes of the Ottoman-Turk Empire
The Ottoman Empire superseded the Byzantine Empire and it came into power around the 14th Century. The Byzantine people were not patriots and neither did they care much for their empire as the Ottomans. The lack of nationalism (in terms of unity and
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Colonialism. Ottoman Empire
The essay shall also focus on colonialism and how it has impacted the world history throughout the ages. Since it has two broad lines consisting of colonialism and Ottoman
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
The Impact of the Ottoman Empire on Europe's and Turkey's architecture, gouvernment and life
The historical background of the Ottoman Empire dates back to the year 1299. The empire was characterised by powerful multinational and multilingual empire controlling vast of Southeast Europe, Horn Africa, the Caucasus, North Africa and Western Asia. The
18 pages (4500 words) Essay
Get a custom paper written
by a pro under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
YOUR PRIZE:
Apply my DISCOUNT
Comments (0)
Rate this paper:
Thank you! Your comment has been sent and will be posted after moderation