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Theories of Cognitive Development - Essay Example
Author : margaritafranec
Pages 5 (1255 words)
Erikson's Theories of Cognitive Development. Theories on development show the series of age-related changes that happen over the entire course of an individual's life which is described through the use of stages. The stage theories formulated by Erik Erikson, Jean Piaget and Lawrence Kohlberg share three assumptions (Erikson, 1950; Piaget, 1985; Kohlberg, 1971): 1…
He named the stages according to the possible outcomes. Stages 5 to 8 explain the transition from childhood through death. During adolescence as explained in stage 5, children are becoming more independent, and begin to look at the future. During this period, they explore possibilities and begin to form their own identity based upon the outcome of their explorations. In young adulthood, people face the challenge of developing intimate relationships with others. Based on stage 6, if they do not succeed, they may become isolated and lonely. In stage 7, during young adulthood, people face the challenge of developing intimate relationships with others. If they do not succeed, they may become isolated and lonely. In old age, explained in stage 8, people examine their lives. They may either have a sense of contentment or be disappointed about their lives and fearful of the future. Leaders therefore should know how to provide the proper recognition to their subordinates to motivate them and it should be dynamic since needs differ with age.
Jean Piaget's Formal Operational Stage of Cognitive Development. Jean Piaget conducted a program of naturalistic research that has profoundly affected our understanding of child development. ...