Dispute Settlement between States

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Peaceful settlement of international disputes is considered the main objective in maintaining peace and security as legislated in significant principles of Article 2(3) of the United Nations Charter. The legislation states that all members of the United Nations are to settle international disputes in a manner that shall not endanger international peace, security, and justice.


Hence, it is a duty of the members of the United Nations to settle international disputes through peaceful means, which may cover either legal or political character.
In the internal legal system of a state, it would be generally perceived that the dispute to be settled is legal. That is, when there is a dispute between individuals on rights, duties, and liabilities in accordance to law or legalization, the settlement of such may be carried out by negotiation or conciliation - that is, bringing the dispute to the consideration of a third party body which may act as an "arbitrator." The arbitrator may be a permanent organization of a state which shall serve as the "court," wherein both the arbitrator and the court shall consider the dispute by the principle of law, which essentially means that the rulings of the arbitrator and the judgment of the court shall legitimately bind the disputing parties.
In the international legal system, the meaning and scope of the settlement of international disputes are broader than the settlement of internal legal disputes (Hill 1945). ...
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