Gilligan is imperative on the thinking that the conception of the moral domain is comprised of at least two moral orientations, and that these orientations raise new questions about observed differences in moral judgment and the disappointments to which they give rise. Factors such as the necessary distinction between differences in developmental stage and differences in orientation are strong issues in her discussion, and it is stated pronouncedly that her research on moral orientation derives from an observation which was made in the course of studying the relationship between moral judgment and action. Gilligan also speaks strongly about the issue of abortion, explaining that the language of the public abortion debate reveals a specific and significant justice perspective. "Whether the abortion dilemma is cast as a conflict of rights or in terms of respect for human life, the claims of the fetus and of the pregnant woman are balanced or placed in opposition." (p.233)
Gilligan uses various studies in her research...
One student constructs the decision as a net of mercy, a decision to override justice in light of the fact that the violator has shown 'the proper degrees of contrition.'" (p.234). This study was used as an example to show one of the most important distinctions between care as understood or construed within a justice framework and care as a framework or a perspective on moral decision. The result of the study was that "The medical student's decision not to turn in the proctor for drinking reflects a judgment that turning him in is not the best way to respond to the drinking problem, itself seen as a sign of detachment or lack of concern." (p.234).
Overall, Gilligan's opinion and interest is that of the correlation and importance between the issues of the ethics of care and that of justice, as well as the similarities, differences, and end results involved in the entirety. She uses the studies as examples to "illustrate two-cross cutting perspectives that do not negate one another but focus attention on different dimensions of the situation, creating a sense of ambiguity around the question of what is the problem to be solved." (p.235).
Nel Nodding's general opinion on the subject of the ethics of care is largely in regards to that of obligation. She uses a quote in the context of Neitzache from Christian love and Eros to roughly make her basic point:
"There is something so ambiguous and suggestive about the word love, something that speaks to memory and hope, that even the lowest intelligence and the coldest heart still feel something of the glimmer of this word. The cleverest woman and the most vulgar man recall the relatively least selfish moments of their whole life,