The United Kingdom is a rather unitary state in which central government substantially directs that of most government activity, and however, it should be known that the structure of services in Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland differs in certain respects; each separate region has both a Secretary of State and an administrative department situated in the central government, and as well its own assembly and executive, which take on the role in the region of certain central government ministries.
The matter of what social policy is and how it affects the family is one which truly needs to be taken incredibly seriously into consideration, and as well it is important to make sure that a viewpoint is gained in relation the old policy; what has changed, whether it is positively or negatively, and so on. As well all of the factors and matters in relation to this should be discussed in order to allow for a more knowledgeable and introspective viewpoint on the matter and this is what will be dissertated in the following.
Social policy is a matter which truly has many different aspects, and for instance in United States politics, social policies are those which truly regulate and govern human behavior in areas such as sexuality and general morality, and as well, they are in special contrast to other, more traditional forms of political policy for instance, and that includes the matters of foreign policy and economic policy, for example.
The Children Act 1989 is one which was implemented basically to: reinforce the autonomy of families through definition of parental responsibility; provide for support from local authorities, in particular for families whose children are in need; and legislate to protect children who may be suffering or who are likely to suffer significant harm. Basically this act was set in place to have grounds in regards to the welfare of children in general, and when a court determines a question with respect to the upbringing of a child, the child's welfare is what will be the court's paramount consideration. Furthermore, the main aims of the act are: to bring together private and public law in one framework; to achieve a better balance between protecting children and enabling parents to challenge state intervention; to encourage greater partnership between statutory authorities and parents; to promote the use of voluntary arrangements; and to restructure the framework of the courts to facilitate management of family proceedings.
The Children Act 2004 however, is considered as being in reference to the New Labor Government, and this Act varies in many different ways in comparison to the old policy; for instance, this guidance on the duty to cooperate provides that of the underpinning framework for children's trusts, and well-being is the term that is used in the Act in order to properly define the five Every Child Matters outcomes, which are as follows: be healthy, stay safe, enjoy and achieve, make a positive contribution, and achieve economic well-being. Basically what happened was that - in regards to the old policy - Margaret Thatcher won her party's leadership election in 1975, and then following victory in the 1979 general