StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

National Self-determination in Europe - Essay Example

Not dowloaded yet

Extract of sample
National Self-determination in Europe

The principle of national self-determination, which acquired popular political prevalence in 19th century Europe, played a key role in the confederation of Italy in addition to that of Germany at that point in time. It was in no way been entirely unconstructive in the 20th century.
Large colonial systems are usually intrinsically unsound, causing formidable demands for independence in their component parts. From time to time when great empires have been endangered with defeat and disintegration, as in Europe after two world wars, this principle has been usually supported as a basis for a new and improved order. This principle has assisted to manipulate the reaction of main powers to the disintegration of empires; and it has offered an outline within which the accomplishment of national objectives was assumed to take in self-determination in the shape of independent institutions.
The principle of national self-determination has no reliable explanation. There has been a need of transparency as to which 'peoples' or 'nations' are its owner and intended beneficiaries. Peoples are merely not arranged suitably on the map in a way that makes their creation into states achievable without calamities. Some of the most awful characteristics of 20th Century history included the quest of irredentist assertions, the materialization of authoritarianism in post-colonial states, and the brutal dealing with minorities - can in some way be credited to the principle and its imperfection.

Problems with respect to the principle were involved, directly or indirectly, in the causation of the great majority of differences in the 20th century, including the two world wars. The principle has always been disputed, and not only by the European colonial powers. At best it is only one principle among many, and requires be balancing against other values and mitigated by other matters.

National Self-Determination Since 1988
The great majority of the countries have in recent times emerged to new independent statehood, or claimed a statehood that was lost previously. This principle has helped these countries in their materialization of independence from long periods of foreign rule. Examples include the republics of the ex-Soviet Union and the republics of the ex-Yugoslavia.

'National self-determination' remains dominant as a slogan for political and armed action; however it has not been supported in the 1990s as a model for international stability or as a possible course to international harmony. The actions towards self-determination in the 1990s have taken place without the benefit of attractive general support of the idea by key statesmen. In many instances for example in the former Yugoslavia and Soviet Union wars resulted. The demand of some peoples to self-determination is still welcomed primarily by an embarrassed silence from the world community as the case of Chechnya demonstrates the point.

National Self-Determination & European Integration
European integration is conceivably the most debatable. However looking at the genesis and ancient history of the European Community it is clear that West European integration was, for a considerable period of time was believed as something ...Show more

Summary

The concept of national self-determination, like all theoretical political terms, has in the period of time experienced transformation in significance and implication. Its fundamental gist remains that the principle that every nation has an entitlement to form an independent state and establish its own authority.
Author : norberto28
National Self-determination in Europe essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"National Self-determination in Europe"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Related Essays

Self determination theory
The paper throws light on the ‘Self determination theory’ that provides another outlook towards the understanding of Chan’s personality by looking at his perceived locus of causality. By looking at Chan’s perceived control over his actions as the initiator or sustainer, it is easier to gauge his level of self determination as far behavior is concerned.
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Explain and comment on the proposition that the doctrine of the right of self-determination of peoples includes the legal entitl
“Self-determination is the historic root from which the democratic entitlement grew”. The deep-rootedness of democratic entitlement confers vital elements of legitimacy on self-determination, as well as on the two newer branches of the entitlement: freedom of expression and electoral right.
24 pages (6000 words) Essay
The Conflict between Territorial Integrity and Self-Determination
The Conflict between Territorial Integrity and Self-Determination. Territorial integrity, along with other elements, has always been considered a requisite of statehood under international law. Reinforcing this perspective is Article 6 of the of the 1960 Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples, a UN Resolution, that categorically declared any form of disruption of the territorial integrity of a state as incompatible with the purposes and principles of the UN Charter.
8 pages (2000 words) Essay
Indian Self Determination Act 1975
The Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act was designed to put in place a more productive system of governance. Introduction President Nixon advocated and advanced this Act later signed by President Ford in order to advance Indian progress which in the preceding century had been hampered by contradictory federal policies.
3 pages (750 words) Essay
In what ways did the Reformation influence the formation of national identity in Europe and North America
A closer look into reformation reveals that national identity is something constructed rather than natural. Nationality was created as particular types of social and cultural interactions encouraged people to imagine a national community where previously there had been only unrelated groups or individuals.
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
'Self-determination is irrelevant in the 21st Century'. Discuss
That nations have the right to freely choose their sovereignty and international political status with no external influence or interference1 from foreign nations or bodies because of the innate right to equality and social freedom2. It gets its origins from customary international law3 but has in the recent past been recognized as a fundamental part of international law and is enshrined in a number of international treaties4.
3 pages (750 words) Essay
Minority Groups Self Determination In California
1. The African American Experience. American history is wrought with accounts of the mistreatment and discrimination of Blacks by their White counterparts. In response to the unequal treatment, and with the advent of the Civil Rights Movement, Black Americans in California developed the idea of self-determination.
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Self determination, Yugoslavia Czechoslovakia
In Yugoslavia, for instance, Serbian centralism was able to moderate Croatian separatist urges and to incorporate a variety of different ethnic and racial groups into an overarching and multiethnic nation-state. In much the same way, despite the fact that national minorities accounted for more than 33% of its total population, Czechoslovakia was also able to create a viable unitary state based upon the slogan of "one nation for two tribes" (Bakke, 2002: 90).
8 pages (2000 words) Essay
Evaluate Chinas policies towards self-determination
In ethics this principle is treated as a translation or extension of universal rights of individuals , e.g. the rights of political freedom; freedom of
16 pages (4000 words) Essay
Self-determination is irrelevant in the 21st Century. Discuss
y and international political status with no external influence or interference1 from foreign nations or bodies because of the innate right to equality and social freedom2. It gets its origins from customary international law3 but has in the recent past been recognized as a
3 pages (750 words) Essay
Get a custom paper written
by a pro under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
YOUR PRIZE:
Apply my DISCOUNT
Comments (0)
Rate this paper:
Thank you! Your comment has been sent and will be posted after moderation