StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

Scientists study how HIV hides in body - Essay Example

Not dowloaded yet

Extract of sample
Scientists study how HIV hides in body

Yet those drugs don't eliminate HIV because they can't reach the two known pools of cells where the virus can lie dormant, ever ready to resurface.
So-called memory T cells form one such pool. As the name implies, these are the cells that ensure if you get, say, measles as a child, you're forever immune. They live for years, even decades, making them a logical HIV hideout, and one that scientists have repeatedly sought to dismantle to no avail.
Macrophages, another type of immune cell, form the second pool. They roam the body looking for invaders like bacteria to gobble up. If they get harmed, such as becoming infected by a virus, they're supposed to commit suicide. But HIV instead keeps them alive long past their normal lifespan.
"Up to now, nobody has really thought about how to eliminate the macrophage reservoir," said Dr. Kuan-Teh Jeang, an HIV specialist at the National Institutes of Health. "The imagination now has turned toward, 'How do we eliminate reservoirs' ... The best way to address our problem is to simply kill those cells."
The Rochester team found that HIV produces a protein that turns on a particular cell-survival pathway. After a multistep process, it ultimately activates an enzyme called Akt that in turn prevents cell suicide, the researchers reported Thursday online in the journal Retrovirology.
That was g ...Show more

Summary

WASHINGTON - The AIDS virus has hideouts deep in the immune system that today's drugs can't reach. Now scientists finally have discovered how HIV builds one of those fortresses - and they're exploring whether a drug already used to fight a parasite in developing countries just might hold a key to break in.
Author : walterroderick
Scientists study how HIV hides in body essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"Scientists study how HIV hides in body"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Related Essays

Arab's scientists
It is with this understanding that the Arab scientists conducted their studies and explorations of the natural world around them, especially during the medieval era. The Islamic Golden Age falls during this time period, and starts from somewhere around the mid eighth century AD and continues till the middle of the 13th century, when Islamic science, literature, technology, arts, and philosophy flourished.
3 pages (750 words) Essay
THE BODY SHOP CASE STUDY
These founding principles, considering Roddick openly admits her business knowledge was severely limited, have brought the Body Shop a dedicated consumer following. Innovation in promotion, as well, such as placing strawberry essence on the sidewalk to lure customers with a “pleasing aroma” highlight this entrepreneurial ingenuity.
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Compare how Interpretivist and Behavioralist Political Scientists Approach the Analysis of Politics
Especially in politics where the room for interpretations and behavioral judgments is quite open, the analysis heavily depends on the research approach of the political scientist. The philosophy and methodology thus used can intensify or dilute the political significance of a scenario.
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
HIV
This paper is a reflection on the interviews conducted with four individuals: a student, an ordinary employee who used to be a sex worker, a medical professional and an HIV counsellor. The selected individuals are from different walks of life to gather diverse opinions on the preventive measures in combating the spread of the disease and whether these measures are apposite to its cause.
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
HIV
Although the world has succeeded to control the disease to a great extent, in many parts of the world the epidemic has caused severe socio-economic impacts on the
10 pages (2500 words) Essay
HIV
In connection, the 1980’s is considered as the most challenging period for those individuals who are in the field of medicine. Although it is the year of enormous economic liberalization
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
HIV
aboratory works with various specialists in public health and infectious diseases on the surveillance of organisms within both the hospitals and the community. Microbiologists examine the samples of patients for the presence of viruses, parasites, fungi, and bacteria, which
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
HIV
There are other factors such as race and nationality too that are a part of this equation that denies the opportunity to gain awareness to certain people. This denial of knowledge may
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
HIV
al., 2014). The classification of HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders is quite comprehensive. The divergent findings cited in this study on the risk factors of
1 pages (250 words) Essay
HIV
Tempering with the naturally born baby in its original state can also be one of the aspects of the ethical constraint felt in this regard. The potential scientific benefits that can come forth from it include the research expansion, enabling to
1 pages (250 words) Essay
Get a custom paper written
by a pro under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
YOUR PRIZE:
Apply my DISCOUNT
Comments (0)
Rate this paper:
Thank you! Your comment has been sent and will be posted after moderation