While the House and the Senate enjoy equal status in most matters, there are some special powers granted to one chamber only. Here, it is interresting to note that for matters pertaining to the confirmation of presidential nominations to high-level executive and judicial positions, and for the ratification of treaties, there is a requirement for the Senate's advice and consent. On the other hand, it is important for bills in lieu of raising revenue to originate in the House of Representatives, apart from any proceedings that have to do with the process of impeachment.
Before proceeding, it is important to point out that from 1952 to 1994, there was a lull in the any activity from the Republican side where the Congress was concerned. But after the Republicans made a sweep with the 1994 mid term elections by capturing a whooping 54 seats in the House of Representatives and eight seats in the Senate , the Congressional corridors were dominated basically by the Republicans who have made various changes in the Congress for the last twelve years before the Democrats took over.
In this regard, the first aspect we will study in this paper is that of policy making as regards the power of the institutional heads in the Republican quarters. ...Show more