Racism in Australia is caused by multiple causes including immigration and cultural diversity, language and ethnic differences. Culture includes institutions, manners, habits of thought, intentions and ways of life. It encompasses the complex web of meanings which underlie everyday life and behavior-the understandings and expectations which guide our actions and interactions with others…
Prejudices include bias and negative attitudes towards other culture or a cultural group based on negative stereotypes and different value systems. In Australia, racism and prejudices are caused by different racial origin and geographical location. Country of birth is significant because it quite often coincides with some or all of the factors mentioned but this clearly need not be the case. People may be born outside a country or a nation-state yet still identify with it; boundaries and borders change (Almaguer, 1994). The world history of migration and the general movement of peoples have made any simple approach to culture and to ethnic identification not possible or viable. Individuals identify multiple ancestries, as evidenced by responses to the 'ancestry' question included in the 1986 national census; the 'cultural background' of many people is diverse. To take one example, there are people in Australia who were born in Eastern Europe, emigrated with their families to Central America when they were children, and then emigrated to Australia as adults with children of their own (Banks, 1996). Underlying many of these pressure points is the conflict which arises for families from collectivist-oriented cultures when confronted with the individualism which predominates in Australia (Pattel-Gray 1995). Achieving security and prosperity may be the only fundamental Chinese family value that has not been weakened in Australia, because western societies also value achievement. Language plays a crucial part in the ethnic identity of many communities, although its importance in this regard seems to vary across cultures In Diaspora, such as the Chinese, it has served to unite people from very different countries. Maintaining the first language and the learning of English have key roles in settlement, family experience and acculturation of immigrant groups. There is also a lack of tolerance or understanding for 'unusual' family arrangements which had arisen through the disruption of the lives of many Eastern European immigrants and for the many men who remained single. The focus for a sense of belonging may be on common physical characteristics, the possession of a distinct language or dialect, a particular religion, a sense of geographical and historical continuity through living in a particular place, or a distinct lifestyle (Donald and Rattansii 1992).
Discrimination is a direct result of prejudices and cultural differences take place in Australian society. In spite of great changes in social structure, Aboriginal people are discriminated in education, healthcare and employment (Pattel-Gray 1995). Complete cultural assimilation did not take place. However, the predominance of Anglo-Celtic values, in all Australian institutions but particularly in the workplace and the schools, often placed great pressures on immigrant families, created conflict between family members and sometimes threatened positive identification with their own cultures. The failure of cultural assimilation, the threat to Australian living standards with the onset of the recession and world economic restructuring, and social segmentation linked to gender, ethnicity and race led to a new national approach to diversity and to the development of policies ...
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(Racism in Australia Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words)
“Racism in Australia Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/miscellaneous/308143-racism-in-australia.
This can primarily be attributed to education. As people have started to seek education, they have started to realize their individualistic and collective rights. This has consequentially increased their sensitivity towards behaviors that are racists, thus making racism a potential issue of the contemporary society.
Australian society is composed of people from different ethnic origins, races, religions, cultures, and values. Unfortunately, discrimination can still be witnessed in the Australian society in numerous forms. Discrimination overtly shows up in such places as the comments of overwhelmed audiences in the football and cricket stadiums.
Their plight and welfare of children should be guarded at all costs to ensure that the future for man holds a sustainable hope for the betterment of humanity. Child abuse has been touted as an increasingly point of concern for many because of its prevalence in many institutions. In Australia, child protection is causing a rising concern because of an increase of purported child abuse cases characteristic of neglect, emotional abuse, physical and sexual abuse.
The commission wanted the event to demonstrate a commitment to combating racism and racial discrimination in football." (Ivana 2008). This statement is an evidence of the existence of the problem of racial prejudice in the football game as a whole. Currently, commissions are emerging in protest against racial prejudice in the football leagues.
Latin America also has its own share of racism toward Blacks. Africans suffering drought, famine, plague and war have claimed that racism obstructs U.S. aid, most recently in the matter of AIDS vaccinations.
One of the most important and significantly influential phases of life when an individual is exposed to racialised performance of difference is high school because an adolescent tends to be more sensitive to the difference in attitudes and opinions of people around him or her.
For the most part, many of these children never saw their parents or relatives again. The "lost generation" has been the subject of most contemporary Aboriginal literature. Most noticeably, Doris Pilkington's Rabbit Proof Fence tells the story of three girls escape from the white society in which they were placed and return to their Aboriginal reservations.
The term 'Institutional Racism' was introduced by Carmichael and Hamilton in 1968 and they saw it as 'an analytical tool to examine how institutions can operate along racist lines without acknowledging or even recognising this.'
Institutional Racism is connected with organisations and institutions and is unconnected with individualistic views or behaviour.
ne instance of a widespread and all-encompassing cultural multiplicity, it is now apparent that it is the cultural diversity that demands to be integrated into a broader framework. This broader framework is the perception of Australia as both a colonial and post-colonial society
Just like the United States, the White skinned inhabitants of Australia who are the posted people for who an Australian is are not the original settlers in the land. While the Americans had to deal with the Native Americans
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