For Plato and Aristotle, politics and ethics were closely connected. 'He who would duly inquire about the best form of a state ought first to determine which is the most eligible life' (Politics 1323 a15). 'Virtue must be the care of a state which is truly so called' (Politics 1280 b7;)For Plato's judgment of the attempt to practise politics as an art separate from ethics see his Gorgias.
A good will, as Aristotle would understand it, must seek to exercise some control over such things -- to be careful of life and health, money, etc., but always in subordination to the overall goal, the overall goal being the achievement of happiness.
However, today's politicians or governments do not think it is their duty to keep look after the welfare of the subjects; politicians are not expected to be especially good themselves, or to have moral purposes; as political slogans 'the good life' or 'the quality of life' refer to the physical conditions of life. ...
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“Aristotle'S Nicomachean Ethics Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 250 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/miscellaneous/308486-aristotles-nicomachean-ethics.
Examples of moral virtues are humility, truthfulness, moderation, and generosity. On the other hand, intellectual virtues are those personality traits that are required for correct thinking and desired action. He classified intellectual virtues as productive such as craft knowledge, theoretical such as wisdom and mind and lastly practical such as practical prudence.
Friendship is the union of two or more person in mutual affection, love, care and remembrance of each other. The notion of friendship is deeply imbedded inside Greek and ancient philosophy and from time to time different philosophers have explored the dynamics of friendship in different manner (Eterovich, p23).
Plato’s criticism of democracy is of the direct and unchecked democracy of Ancient Athens (557a-564a). Plato fears that democracy leads to an excess of freedom, which refers to the carefree state of doing whatever one likes. This kind of conception undermines the authority and purpose of the state, which is to limit the freedom of individuals with respect to what they can and cannot do.
Intellectual virtues are those personality traits that are required for correct thinking and desired action. Aristotle classified intellectual virtues as productive such as craft knowledge, theoretical such as wisdom and mind and lastly practical such as practical prudence.
In his ethics, Aristotle follows Plato and Socrates in emphasizing the importance of virtues in human life. Just like Plato, Aristotle accepts ethical virtues such as courage, justice, and temperance as intricate rational, social, and emotional skills. However, he opposes Plato’s notion that training in metaphysics and sciences is necessary condition for full comprehension or understanding of human good.
Such, having the right quantity, including moral qualities, is to be desired and this can only be acquired through temperance. Temperance in everything should be exercised because this is wise and anything that is deficient and excessive should be avoided for this destroys temperance and the preservation of the mean.
According to Aristotle, men and women were created in different ways not only at a physical level but also at a mental level, so that women looked and thought in different ways from men and vice versa. According to him, the differences between men and women are attributed to nature and gods, which upon realizing the need for these differences had ordained that they manifest themselves as they did.
The theme of his theory was to explore ways in which men should best live based on their virtues. His philosophy contemplated on contemplation about good living and how to create good living (Aristotle 18). Ethics by Aristotle was more practical rather than theoretical.
The treatise broadly and holistically pertains to humans about themselves and their actions and their relationships with other humans and society. In this work, Aristotle defines ethics as the art of living well. As opposed to later philosophical treatises in Western discourse, the Nicomachean Ethics is not an attempt of morals of what man should and should not do, and what those "dos and don'ts" are, but rather an explanation or model for cultivation of ones own virtues and excellence.
On the other hand, Aristotle's Nichomachean Ethics outlined men aims at a certain good.
Plato's symposium occurs at Agathon's party, attended by men of different interests. Here, thay decide to give praises to Eros, the God of love, as it has been proposed that there are praises and songs for all the gods, yet none have been made for Eros.
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