Determining a single source of the violence in the Middle East requires that we answer the question; Is there a single remedy, one change that could be made that would bring peace to the region Of course the answer is no, but the occupation of tribal lands by enemies, and the denial of traditional resources is the single most catalytic force…
For example, the US war in Iraq has different social and political reasons than the recent Hamas action against Israel. Yet, at the root of both actions is the fight for land or resources that each feels they are entitled to. The US is fighting for the right to the oil, and Hamas is fighting to regain control of what they perceive as their homeland.
Issues of ethnicity, religion, and ideology influence young disciples to commit violent acts, and they all contribute to the perpetuation of the violence, but it is not what brings them to the battle. Radical Islamic groups use religion merely to attract recruits (Rowley and Schneider, 2004, p.560). The US would be less concerned about a democratic or capitalistic Iraq, if the region did not have oil. Hamas would be less concerned about the religious practices of the Jews, if they did not threaten their ability to have a place to call home, and vice-versa. While religious, philosophical, and ideological platitudes are used by leaders to justify violence, the reason for war is the simply the pragmatism regarding the ownership of territory, land, and resources.
The Council on Foreign Relations defines Hamas as an organization whose primary purpose is to provide social services for the Palestinian people (Hamas, 2009). The group was formed to do charitable work in the West Bank and Gaza Strip, and did not become politically oriented until the Six Day War in 1967, when it began to coordinate political activities with the Muslim Brotherhood in Gaza (Hamas, 2009). Since its first acts of violence in 1993, it has been perceived as a dangerous terrorist group, while obtaining political legitimacy through their recent election as a ruling party.
Hezbellah and Hamas have similar social roots, and share the goal of "promising the elimination of Israel from the map of the Middle East" (Rowley and Schneider, 2004, p.559). However, Hamas is an umbrella group for radical Sunni groups and Hezbollah is an organization comprised of Shiite groups. Many shadowy organizations claim the name of Islamic Jihad, and it has become synonymous with a movement, rather than an organization. However, it is an organization that was formed in the Gaza strip in 1981 that professes violence, the destruction of Israel, and the establishment of an Islamic state in Palestine (White, 2009, p.226).
None of these terrorist organizations present a direct threat to the United States. However, they seek recriminations against the US due to its economic and military support for Israel, which they view as a terrorist nation, as well as protecting Israel from UN sanctions. While negotiations imply an in-depth agreement that may be pre-mature at this point, it would be helpful to open a dialog with organizations such as Hamas and Hezbellah. It could put us on a road to future agreements with minimal risk.
3.) The Kurdish Conflict and the PKK:
The Kurds are an ethnically homogeneous group that has a common language and occupy a contiguous geographical area that includes parts of Turkey, Iraq, Syria, and Iran. The PKK is the Kurdistan Workers Party, which was formed in 1978 as a Marxist-Leninist organization (White, 2009, p.334). It has a terrorist arm that has the goal of creating ...
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(Final International Terrorism Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 Words)
“Final International Terrorism Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/miscellaneous/308795-final-international-terrorism.
Some academicians and scientists underline that it is impossible to justify the essence of terrorism. In the very essence terrorism is unjust and illegitimate. Nevertheless, this assumption is rather emotional and it is relevant to consider this phenomenon from moral perspective. Thus, there is no moral background for the governments to sponsor terrorists, but they really do that.
Undoubtedly, terrorism is wrong because it promotes violence, targets innocent civilians, and justifies the use of violence based on religion. One of the foremost problems concerning terrorism is the fact that it promotes violence. Violence is never an answer to any issue and is against the morals of humanity.
The author states that as with many terrorist organization, the FALN had as one of its goals the drawing attention to the political status of Puerto Rico and the movement towards independence. Their tactics and strategies were effective at gaining attention, and the low level of deaths was acceptable to many sympathizers.
The main groups involved in this study are ‘Hamas’, Hezbollah and Al-Qaeda. These groups though are not considered as pure terrorists as they are fighting for freedom which is human right but the actions they undertake are massively destructive in nature, such terrorist campaigns have been launched at a global level.
August Kreis, leader of the domestic terrorist group Aryan Nation, has stated that he wants to "make common cause with al Qaeda because, he says, they share the same enemies: Jews and the American government" (Schuster, 2005). It is easy to believe that this also carries over to other white supremacy groups such as the Neo-Nazis and the KKK.
However, the nature of the effect on international order can be debated since some terrorist activities have gone largely unnoticed while others have changed the very way of life for the country.
While Puerto Rico has produced a number of violent political groups, the most highly organized and visible group that has advocated independence has been the Puerto Rican Armed Forces of National Liberation (FALN). During the
The Urban Dictionary gives a populist meaning of the word by stating that it is when a person’s or a group of people’s fear is manipulated for gaining forceful agreements to certain objectives. Terrorism is not war whereby either a state or non-state actors carry out an organized conflict characterized by extreme violence and economic destructions.
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