This is a dialogue between and advocate of capital punishment and a protester against capital punishment. Both parties make valid points to their cause and offer excellent points for each side of this debate.
Capital Punishment Advocate: Capital punishment deters crime because criminals will not want to risk an execution sentence…
"Since 1994, states that have executed murderers have experienced the most rapid decline in homicide rates while states without capital punishment have seen an increase in murders (Tucker, 2001)."
Capital Punishment Protester: People may fear death, but fear outweighed by anger toward another person is enough to push the criminal over the edge. A strong rage will inhibit a criminal's judgment and a murder will occur regardless of capital punishment. Studies may show a decline in murders in states with capital punishment but these numbers are a coincidence. Statistics have also shown that capital punishment does not deter criminal activity. "Consider the twenty-seven states where at least one execution occurred during the sample period. Executions deter murder in only six states. Capital punishment, however, actually increases murder in thirteen states, more than twice as many as experience deterrence. In eight states, capital punishment has no effect on the murder rate (Shepherd, 2005, pg 2003)."
Capital Punishment Advocate: Capital punishment also makes law-abiding citizens safe. Execution of the criminal keeps the criminal from re-offending because an execution is permanent and the criminal will not be on the streets again. Future lives are saved because the criminal cannot harm another person after the prison sentence.
Capital Punis ...
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(Capital Punishment Debate Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words)
“Capital Punishment Debate Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/miscellaneous/308838-capital-punishment-debate.
Some raise questions over ethical acceptability of the issue as well. The societies have in the past punished the criminals by sentencing them to death but now with the modernization of the world, there are many nations which have abolished the death penalty.
Thus there exist a number of theories why punishment and sentencing are enforced. The following are the major purposes why punishment and sentencing are served: general and specific deterrence, incapacitation, rehabilitation, retribution, and reformation are just some of these goals (Renter, 2008).
Sustein and Vermeule (704) points out that most refutations to capital punishment are based on the points that it is “inherently cruel and barbaric”, and cannot be imposed in any way possible that adheres to the rule of law, and as it is administered currently, it could lead to the execution of some innocent people.
This unusual situation can take place when the decision is made to support a moral justice or a greater good. This paper will concentrate on capital punishment or the death penalty, a practice that some people consider as morally right while others disagree.
According to the report proponents of capital punishment speak the language of local option and states' rights not only because this insulates the pro-capital punishment orientation of most state governments from federal review, but because states and localities are the levels of government that usually hold power over ordinary criminal justice decisions.
According to Robert Ruby’s “Capital Punishment’s Constant Constituency: An American Majority,” capital punishment has long since been a heated topic of debate of fairness and of constitutional rights and ethics. Between the years of 1972 and 2007, the Supreme Court has gone through many moments of indecision in concerns of the capital punishment.
In the past it was completely accepted by society but today sixteen states have acted against it. The majority of those states without death penalty have abolished the law, with some such as New York (in People v. Smith) and
Whereas society and civilization has increased an order of magnitude over the past few centuries, one of the means by which the approach to crime and punishment has been questioned is with regards to whether or not capital punishment is morally reprehensible or should