Group formation might be temporary or permanent. Following are some of the main types of groups:
Roles are sets of behaviors that individuals occupying specific positions within a group are expected to perform. These roles might be assigned (e.g. managers or other work related roles) or pre-determined (like father, mother, etc). Roles help in clarifying responsibilities and obligations of the group members.
A status is a position or a rank within a group. People are sensitive to status because it is related to desired outcomes (e.g. salary and perks). High status people have a higher access to key resources relating to survival. Sometimes even physical features play an important role in gaining a certain status (e.g. a beautiful secretary). People can boost their status by behavior (e.g. intimidation, anger and threat)
Norms are the rules within a group indicating how its members should or should not behave. Adherence to norms is a necessary condition for gaining status and other rewards controlled by groups. This forms the basis of organizational behavior.
It comprises everything that causes the group members to remain in the group. It leads to depersonalized attraction, i.e. liking for other group members stemming from the fact that they belong to the group and embody or represent key features (like hard work or creativity, etc).
Factors effecting Cohesiveness:
Status: cohesiveness is higher for higher status members because of less competition and a hold and an upper-hand.
The effort required to gain entry is into the group: the greater these costs, the higher the cohesiveness.
The existence of external threats or server competition: threats increase members' attraction and commitment to the group.
Size: small groups are often more cohesive than larger ones due to more mutual understanding and less competition.
Effects of Individual Performance on a Group:
These include effects upon performance resulting from the presence of others. Increased and positive effects occur due to collaboration, while decreased and negative effects take place due to dependence upon