Man is a social animal. He tends to socialize with other people and share jobs among them. Although some people manage to accomplish all their tasks alone, i.e. all by themselves, but most people find it easier to work in teams in a workplace. This write-up discusses the effects of teamwork in a work place, their characteristics and their consequences.
Group formation might be temporary or permanent. Following are some of the main types of groups:
Roles are sets of behaviors that individuals occupying specific positions within a group are expected to perform. These roles might be assigned (e.g. managers or other work related roles) or pre-determined (like father, mother, etc). Roles help in clarifying responsibilities and obligations of the group members.
A status is a position or a rank within a group. People are sensitive to status because it is related to desired outcomes (e.g. salary and perks). High status people have a higher access to key resources relating to survival. Sometimes even physical features play an important role in gaining a certain status (e.g. a beautiful secretary). People can boost their status by behavior (e.g. intimidation, anger and threat)
Norms are the rules within a group indicating how its members should or should not behave. Adherence to norms is a necessary condition for gaining status and other rewards controlled by groups. This forms the basis of organizational behavior.
It comprises everything that causes the group members to remain in the group. It leads to depersonalized attraction, i.e. ...