This is the subject matter of this study where we examine the possibility of the world uniting to ensure global warming is slowed down.
The ancient individuals realized this need to protect their resources as they new that overuse would lead to extinction which would obviously lead to the suffering of the entire society. A study of the ancient African nations shows that the societies would circle their fields and ensure that these areas were only used by the members of that particular area. This was one way of ensuring that their resources were safeguarded against misuse by the other societies. Having ensured that the societies safeguarded their resources which at the time included grazing land and water resources, there was need to ensure that the members of society properly utilized their resources with every member being mindful of the other.
This again led to the societal definition of the use of property to ensure that the resources lasted long enough to meet the individual requirement. The need necessitated control of possessions by controlling the number of cattle that an individual owned. The need for an individual to own additional cattle was subject to discussion by the rest of the community. The individual it should be noted was only allowed to own additional cattle if the environment could cater for the additional cattle. Thus, the rule of supply and demand was long applied where the demand was necessitated by the cattle number and the supply was the natural endowments. This shows the need for cooperation in ensuring that the society benefited in a time when civilization was not anywhere in the vicinity and when individuals never interacted beyond the societal level.
Besides, these societies in Africa had no idea of such earlier scholars such as Karl Marx who had first pointed out the need to cooperate in the use of collective property.
The rules were passed because the human character has all along known to be self-centered in the sense that others needs are secondary to their own need. The other thing is that humans are generally competitive and what they compete for is scarce thus the need to control the scarce resources. As no such thing would be achieved through participation of isolated individuals, then the need to have individuals cooperate has always been key in ensuring that these resources are preserved and sparingly used for all of us and those to come.
In the view of James Madison an 18th century economist, the scarcity of resources has necessitated the need to have a federalist government which stands for the need of the entire society and which ensures the unity and association of all individuals for their own good. He further observes that were all men angels, there would be no need to have a government as we would all be considerate of each other. However, the existence of even a single non angel would obviously necessitate the existence of a government.
The actions of the non angels have this effect that they will always try to get the entire property to build a competitive advantage and on realization of the intention by the rest, they will obviously join in the competition for the resources. Thus, the need for the government to create a workable distribution system that balances the needs and interests of the individuals.
From this illustration, there are two apparent things; for