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Essay example - Compare Mencius theory of Human Nature as Good with Xunzis Theory of Human Nature as Evil.

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Pages 8 (2008 words)
Mencius is called the second sage of Chinese philosophy. Those were the days when philosophical theories made great impact on people and good and evil form the basis of philosophy, sociology, religion, politics, law, psychology and culture of any society. China had adopted an ecological way of living, and people preferred to be peace-loving and kind…

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He said when people follow their original morality, they show exceptional goodness that has been bestowed on them by nature. According to him people are unhappy when others suffer and would like to save them from such sufferings and that is the side of goodness and he showed the example of all people rushing to save the child, which is about to fall into a well. According to him, the original good nature of man gets hit by disappointments and difficulties like trees on mountain slopes being targeted by horrendous winds and he gives examples of once beautiful, now bedraggled trees of Niu Mountain.
"Mencius belonged to one of those philosophical schools and all these schools were competing among themselves for disciples and for the favour of rulers which would bring wealth, power and positionsMencius was therefore, in a position that he had to explain more clearly than Confucius why every man should strive to be a 'superior man'" Hwang (1979, p.205).
His arguments are termed as too idealistic, far from reality, far removed from real life happenings and he argues a kind of mysticism beyond comprehension and belief. He is also criticized that all people cannot be endowed with such superfluous goodness as he supposed. ...
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