Gender, Crime and Criminal Justice

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Empirical research indicates that the female offender patterns of criminal behavior have not changed significantly since the late eighteenth century, this research can be further enhanced by studying arrest, court, and prison case records which indicates that almost all women involved in crime continue to commit crimes traditionally associated with other females, such as larceny/theft, prostitution, drunkenness, fraud, and homicide involving family members or male friends.


However this is not necessary, as research shows certain cases where women are convicted to such acts just in order to gain internal satisfaction, which indicates psychological disorders.
Prostitution, which is considered to be a common societal dilemma today, was not, always, a criminal offence in England. In eighteenth century; the prostitution offences were specifically soliciting, living off immoral earnings, and running 'houses of ill fame', but these were enforced selectively. Manifestly neither the proprietors, nor the women who catered for gentlemen in these establishments, were perceived as members of a criminal class or professional criminals; and at this end the profits were handsome. The less salubrious 'houses of ill fame' were more vulnerable, though even in some of the poorest districts the police did not interfere with them. (Chesney, 1970) Women could be violent. Some beat, or otherwise ill-treated, servants and apprentices; on occasions such violence went too far and landed them in court. ...
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